Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metro Area

Counties include: Boone, Brown, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Johnson, Madison, Marion, Morgan, Putnam, Shelby

Largest City: Indianapolis Consolidated (2023 population: 888,578)

Population per Square Mile: 501.8

Square Miles: 4,306.3

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)2,111,040131.1%6,785,528
Today (2023)2,160,779131.5%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*2,255,566132.2%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today2.4%1 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank of 15Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2,5961 4,599
Net International Migration8,5961 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)7,063194.1%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank of 15Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)133,47216.2%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)389,236118.0%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)186,87318.6%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)605,943128.0%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)519,208124.0%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)326,047115.1%17.2%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of 15Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone9,00310.4%0.5%
Asian Alone94,32014.4%2.9%
Black Alone360,473116.7%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone1,41210.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups58,67412.7%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 15Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (includes detail not shown below)822,9941100.0%100.0%
Married With Children162,315119.7%18.1%
Married Without Children230,559128.0%29.6%
Single Parents73,03018.9%9.0%
Living Alone243,029129.5%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 15Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)930,6111100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)896,3951100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)545,951160.9%63.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)277,043130.9%27.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 15Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 384,794134.2%1,124,094

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 15Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$68,7191117.8%$58,323
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20221,205130.6%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 2022197,204132.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/2023168,748133.0%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 15Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 202126,294132.9%79,946
Births to Teens, 20211,114129.0%3,845
Deaths, 201917,364126.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank of 15Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force1,122,563133.0%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.01190.9%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate3.61392.3%3.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work1,470,519100.0%$114,663,605100.0%$77,975
Wage and Salary1,162,02079.0%$76,686,35166.9%$65,994
Farm Proprietors4,9630.3%$207,6840.2%$41,846
Nonfarm Proprietors303,53620.6%$22,652,65419.8%$74,629
  Accommodation, Food Serv.97,2696.6%$3,150,5872.7%$32,390
  Arts, Ent., Recreation29,3572.0%$1,351,5201.2%$46,037
  Health Care, Social Serv.166,21911.3%$14,102,65312.3%$84,844
  Professional, Tech. Serv.108,493*7.4%*$11,092,849*9.7%*$102,245*
  Retail Trade127,6808.7%$5,535,5684.8%$43,355
  Trans., Warehousing124,957*8.5%*$6,485,930*5.7%*$51,905*
  Wholesale Trade52,464*3.6%*$5,642,340*4.9%*$107,547*
  Other Private (not above)408,787*27.8%*$35,933,875*31.3%*$87,904*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed12,554100.0%100.0%$3,824,696$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family1401.1%0.9%$28,435$40,460
5+ Family4,96039.5%34.2%$987,916$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metro Area

in 2023
Percent of Region

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph