Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 8

Counties include: Brown, Daviess, Greene, Lawrence, Martin, Monroe, Orange, Owen

Largest City: Bloomington (2022 population: 79,107)

Population per Square Mile: 97.3

Square Miles: 3,247.1

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)315,388104.6%6,785,528
Today (2022)315,869104.6%6,833,037
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*336,37894.8%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.2%6 0.7%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2021-2022NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-5069 5,230
Net International Migration1,0886 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-6769-66.0%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,798115.0%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)45,3981114.4%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)48,998715.5%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)75,0311123.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)74,1561123.5%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)56,4881017.9%16.9%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,38190.4%0.4%
Asian Alone10,57973.3%2.8%
Black Alone7,350112.3%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone195100.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups6,592102.1%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (includes detail not shown below)126,6169100.0%100.0%
Married With Children20,1071215.9%18.2%
Married Without Children38,625930.5%29.8%
Single Parents8,94217.1%9.2%
Living Alone38,339830.3%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)146,2439100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)142,7949100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)85,2701159.7%62.9%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)41,346829.0%27.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 38,852113.5%1,124,094

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$53,472891.7%$58,323
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022116123.0%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202221,779123.6%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202317,111123.3%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20213,151113.9%79,946
Births to Teens, 2021158104.1%3,845
Deaths, 20193,087114.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force153,756104.5%3,404,443
Annual Unemployment Rate3.06100.0%3.0
October 2023 Unemployment Rate3.35100.0%3.3

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work180,079100.0%$10,565,333100.0%$58,671
Wage and Salary137,51376.4%$7,221,65968.4%$52,516
Farm Proprietors4,0822.3%$319,7893.0%$78,341
Nonfarm Proprietors38,48421.4%$1,131,35410.7%$29,398
  Accommodation, Food Serv.13,546*7.5%*$398,839*3.8%*$29,443*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,142*1.7%*$53,881*0.5%*$17,149*
  Health Care, Social Serv.16,029*8.9%*$1,054,484*10.0%*$65,786*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.8,770*4.9%*$570,580*5.4%*$65,060*
  Retail Trade16,1839.0%$550,4415.2%$34,014
  Trans., Warehousing5,326*3.0%*$229,017*2.2%*$43,000*
  Wholesale Trade3,467*1.9%*$263,802*2.5%*$76,089*
  Other Private (not above)31,742*17.6%*$1,343,089*12.7%*$42,313*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed857100.0%100.0%$197,084$6,635,992
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.5%$0$14,702
5+ Family35040.8%32.6%$40,132$1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 8

in 2022
Percent of Region

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph