Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 8

Counties include: Brown, Daviess, Greene, Lawrence, Martin, Monroe, Orange, Owen

Largest City: Bloomington (2021 population: 79,968)

Population per Square Mile: 97.2

Square Miles: 3,247.1

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)315,963104.9%6,484,050
Today (2021)315,736104.6%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*343,09094.8%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.1%10 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration8307 5,230
Net International Migration3415 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-6008-58.6%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)16,340115.2%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)45,5361114.4%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)49,469715.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)75,0421123.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)74,7991123.7%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)54,5501017.3%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,36090.4%0.4%
Asian Alone10,51873.3%2.7%
Black Alone7,208112.3%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone194100.1%0.1%
White290,1251091.9%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups6,331102.0%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic305,8791096.9%92.3%
Hispanic9,857103.1%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (includes detail not shown below)126,6169100.0%100.0%
Married With Children20,1071215.9%18.2%
Married Without Children38,625930.5%29.8%
Single Parents8,94217.1%9.2%
Living Alone38,339830.3%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)144,0129100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)142,7949100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)85,2701159.7%62.9%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)41,346829.0%27.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 38,735113.5%1,120,155
Public37,605113.6%1,036,519

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$51,288990.8%$56,497
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022116123.0%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202221,779123.6%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/202216,601123.4%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20193,155113.9%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017189113.7%5,152
Deaths, 20193,087114.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force150,069104.5%3,321,548
Employed145,445104.5%3,203,166
Unemployed4,624113.9%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate3.1886.1%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.2791.7%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work173,901100.0%$9,698,874100.0%$55,772
Wage and Salary134,10177.1%$6,629,02368.3%$49,433
Farm Proprietors4,1442.4%$193,2912.0%$46,644
Nonfarm Proprietors35,65620.5%$1,023,58610.6%$28,707
Farm4,7232.7%$209,7572.2%$44,412
Nonfarm169,17897.3%$9,489,11797.8%$56,090
Private131,60175.7%$6,759,59469.7%$51,364
  Accommodation, Food Serv.12,666*7.3%*$361,518*3.7%*$28,542*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,072*1.8%*$41,485*0.4%*$13,504*
  Construction11,1246.4%$734,1997.6%$66,001
  Health Care, Social Serv.16,298*9.4%*$996,840*10.3%*$61,163*
  Information1,580*0.9%*$122,124*1.3%*$77,294*
  Manufacturing19,25011.1%$1,531,38015.8%$79,552
  Professional, Tech. Serv.8,5314.9%$569,0585.9%$66,705
  Retail Trade15,8469.1%$517,0355.3%$32,629
  Trans., Warehousing5,026*2.9%*$218,677*2.3%*$43,509*
  Wholesale Trade3,031*1.7%*$230,059*2.4%*$75,902*
  Other Private (not above)29,139*16.8%*$1,215,320*12.5%*$41,708*
Government37,57721.6%$2,729,52328.1%$72,638

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,259100.0%100.0%$315,752$7,583,249
Single-Family41118.2%74.4%$111,788$6,692,956
2-Family281.2%2.4%$3,895$117,031
3- and 4-Family100.4%0.4%$1,444$30,324
5+ Family1,81080.1%22.7%$198,625$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 8

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of Region
Bedford13,7944.4%
Bloomfield2,2510.7%
Bloomington79,96825.3%
Ellettsville6,5882.1%
Linton5,1471.6%
Loogootee2,5990.8%
Mitchell3,9341.2%
Paoli3,6251.1%
Spencer2,4260.8%
Washington12,0403.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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