Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 1

Counties include: Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Pulaski, Starke

Largest City: Hammond (2023 population: 76,193)

Population per Square Mile: 270.4

Square Miles: 3,219.6

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)866,965312.8%6,785,528
Today (2023)870,725312.7%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*858,216312.2%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.4%7 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration7666 4,599
Net International Migration9838 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1906-2.5%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)47,87345.5%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)146,350316.8%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)71,93748.3%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)219,115325.2%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)221,392225.4%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)164,058218.8%17.2%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,49420.5%0.5%
Asian Alone12,74651.5%2.9%
Black Alone145,625216.7%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone53460.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups19,00642.2%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (includes detail not shown below)334,5172100.0%100.0%
Married With Children56,185516.8%18.1%
Married Without Children98,981129.6%29.6%
Single Parents34,986110.5%9.0%
Living Alone95,880228.7%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)379,2363100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)373,2223100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)246,082265.9%63.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)88,435323.7%27.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 139,940312.4%1,124,094

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$54,719593.8%$58,323
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022603215.3%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202292,418215.1%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202364,695212.6%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20219,160411.5%79,946
Births to Teens, 2021428411.1%3,845
Deaths, 20199,057113.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force402,372311.8%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate4.51136.4%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate4.91125.6%3.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work433,993100.0%$26,320,662100.0%$60,648
Wage and Salary335,51277.3%$19,090,47472.5%$56,900
Farm Proprietors2,9240.7%$348,3521.3%$119,135
Nonfarm Proprietors95,55722.0%$2,798,57710.6%$29,287
  Accommodation, Food Serv.35,924*8.3%*$1,210,617*4.6%*$33,699*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation8,136*1.9%*$235,514*0.9%*$28,947*
  Health Care, Social Serv.53,839*12.4%*$3,695,364*14.0%*$68,637*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.19,109*4.4%*$1,149,009*4.4%*$60,129*
  Retail Trade47,33310.9%$1,865,7307.1%$39,417
  Trans., Warehousing23,825*5.5%*$1,312,932*5.0%*$55,107*
  Wholesale Trade2,365*0.5%*$161,908*0.6%*$68,460*
  Other Private (not above)101,487*23.4%*$4,253,415*16.2%*$41,911*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,372100.0%100.0%$695,824$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family251.1%0.9%$2,761$40,460
5+ Family40917.2%34.2%$48,334$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 1

in 2023
Percent of Region
Crown Point34,8844.0%
East Chicago25,8303.0%
Michigan City31,6593.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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