Hoosiers by the Numbers

Your premier source for labor market information for Indiana.

IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 1

Counties include: Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Pulaski, Starke

Largest City: Hammond (2021 population: 76,984)

Population per Square Mile: 269.5

Square Miles: 3,219.6

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)856,327313.2%6,484,050
Today (2021)867,801312.7%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*907,103312.7%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today1.3%8 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2,5692 5,230
Net International Migration1608 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1,67712-163.8%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)48,45745.6%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)147,855317.0%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)73,89038.5%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)218,327325.2%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)225,788226.0%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)153,484217.7%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,46020.5%0.4%
Asian Alone12,37351.4%2.7%
Black Alone144,519216.7%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone47460.1%0.1%
White688,052279.3%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups17,92342.1%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic734,090484.6%92.3%
Hispanic133,711115.4%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (includes detail not shown below)331,7572100.0%100.0%
Married With Children56,853517.1%18.2%
Married Without Children98,766129.8%29.8%
Single Parents35,162110.6%9.2%
Living Alone93,708228.2%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)374,9703100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)371,2563100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)241,867265.1%62.9%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)89,890324.2%27.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 140,416312.5%1,120,155
Public130,598312.6%1,036,519

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$54,090595.7%$56,497
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022603215.3%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202292,418215.1%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/202264,163213.3%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20199,404411.6%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017546410.6%5,152
Deaths, 20199,057113.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force389,920311.7%3,321,548
Employed369,472311.5%3,203,166
Unemployed20,448217.3%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate5.21144.4%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate3.81158.3%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work411,621100.0%$24,381,085100.0%$59,232
Wage and Salary324,39178.8%$17,570,73772.1%$54,165
Farm Proprietors2,9670.7%$335,0451.4%$112,924
Nonfarm Proprietors84,26320.5%$2,452,63010.1%$29,107
Farm4,2041.0%$390,4041.6%$92,865
Nonfarm407,41799.0%$23,990,68198.4%$58,885
Private365,19188.7%$21,374,61087.7%$58,530
  Accommodation, Food Serv.33,613*8.2%*$941,708*3.9%*$28,016*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation8,200*2.0%*$251,714*1.0%*$30,697*
  Construction25,8446.3%$2,106,2508.6%$81,499
  Health Care, Social Serv.53,281*12.9%*$3,575,426*14.7%*$67,105*
  Information2,863*0.7%*$171,556*0.7%*$59,922*
  Manufacturing43,56310.6%$4,604,71418.9%$105,702
  Professional, Tech. Serv.17,337*4.2%*$1,006,607*4.1%*$58,061*
  Retail Trade46,28011.2%$1,683,3016.9%$36,372
  Trans., Warehousing17,751*4.3%*$1,034,098*4.2%*$58,256*
  Wholesale Trade4,818*1.2%*$368,638*1.5%*$76,513*
  Other Private (not above)91,609*22.3%*$3,873,236*15.9%*$42,280*
Government42,22610.3%$2,616,07110.7%$61,954

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,850100.0%100.0%$824,834$7,583,249
Single-Family2,80698.5%74.4%$816,745$6,692,956
2-Family321.1%2.4%$6,246$117,031
3- and 4-Family120.4%0.4%$1,843$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 1

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of Region
Crown Point34,6214.0%
East Chicago26,0993.0%
Gary68,3257.9%
Hammond76,9848.9%
Hobart29,5213.4%
Merrillville36,5244.2%
Michigan City32,0333.7%
Portage38,1924.4%
Schererville29,5893.4%
Valparaiso34,4284.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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