Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 1

Counties include: Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Pulaski, Starke

Largest City: Hammond (2021 population: 76,984)

Population per Square Mile: 269.5

Square Miles: 3,219.6

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)856,327313.2%6,484,050
Today (2021)867,801312.8%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*907,103312.7%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today1.3%8 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2,5692 14,280
Net International Migration1608 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1,67712-242.3%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)48,45745.6%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)147,855317.0%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)73,89038.5%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)218,327325.2%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)225,788226.0%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)153,484217.7%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,46020.5%0.4%
Asian Alone12,37351.4%2.7%
Black Alone144,519216.7%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone47460.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups17,92342.1%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (includes detail not shown below)328,4022100.0%100.0%
Married With Children55,832517.0%18.3%
Married Without Children97,711129.8%29.8%
Single Parents34,531110.5%9.3%
Living Alone92,990228.3%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)374,9703100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)369,2253100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)237,358264.3%62.3%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)91,044324.7%27.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 140,416312.5%1,120,155

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$50,222496.7%$51,926
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20211,039216.1%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 202195,925215.1%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202067,781213.3%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20199,404411.6%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017546410.6%5,152
Deaths, 20199,057113.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force389,920311.7%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate5.21144.4%3.6
August 2022 Unemployment Rate4.51145.2%3.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work395,421100.0%$22,402,313100.0%$56,654
Wage and Salary318,11580.4%$15,992,48871.4%$50,273
Farm Proprietors2,9880.8%$274,7641.2%$91,956
Nonfarm Proprietors74,31818.8%$2,234,98310.0%$30,073
  Accommodation, Food Serv.29,955*7.6%*$764,166*3.4%*$25,510*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation8,302*2.1%*$240,775*1.1%*$29,002*
  Health Care, Social Serv.53,112*13.4%*$3,417,622*15.3%*$64,347*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.16,4734.2%$915,3534.1%$55,567
  Retail Trade44,29611.2%$1,506,0476.7%$34,000
  Trans., Warehousing16,179*4.1%*$1,010,452*4.5%*$62,455*
  Wholesale Trade4,512*1.1%*$333,487*1.5%*$73,911*
  Other Private (not above)86,457*21.9%*$3,460,857*15.4%*$40,030*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,850100.0%100.0%$824,834$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family120.4%0.4%$1,843$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 1

in 2021
Percent of Region
Crown Point34,6214.0%
East Chicago26,0993.0%
Michigan City32,0333.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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