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Lake County, Indiana

Named for Lake Michigan and organized in 1837

County Seat: Crown Point

Largest City: Hammond (2021 population: 76,984)

Population per Square Mile: 999.11

Square Miles: 499.00

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)496,11227.7%6,484,050
Today (2021)498,55827.3%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*516,19527.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today0.5%39 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration47213 14,280
Net International Migration1028 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-71092-102.6%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)28,93725.9%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)84,222217.3%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)41,49538.5%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)122,435225.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)125,566225.8%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)84,881217.4%16.5%
Median Age39.6  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,75220.6%0.4%
Asian Alone8,25361.7%2.7%
Black Alone119,794224.6%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone33540.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups10,17332.1%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)188,6462100.0%100.0%
Married With Children30,417316.1%18.3%
Married Without Children52,947228.1%29.8%
Single Parents21,778211.5%9.3%
Living Alone55,137229.2%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)216,2282100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)213,6792100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2020)$156,10021  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2020)$72711  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 82,85227.4%1,112,460
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)329,43427.4%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher89.1%47 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree23.1%23 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$49,2292694.8%51,926
Median Household Income in 201957,2804099.4%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201914.5%11121.8%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.3%12134.4%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2021768211.9%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 202164,987210.2%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202042,48928.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20195,68427.0%80,859
Births to Teens, 201735726.9%5,152
Deaths, 20195,25928.0%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force222,81826.7%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate6.12169.4%3.6
May 2022 Unemployment Rate4.21168.0%2.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work233,174100.0%$13,693,586100.0%$58,727
Wage and Salary190,21781.6%$9,988,21872.9%$52,510
Farm Proprietors3210.1%$16,8430.1%$52,470
Nonfarm Proprietors42,63618.3%$1,269,6329.3%$29,778
  Accommodation, Food Serv.18,1927.8%$505,1283.7%$27,766
  Arts, Ent., Recreation5,6332.4%$183,8111.3%$32,631
  Health Care, Social Serv.35,79315.4%$2,381,57017.4%$66,537
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9,9964.3%$565,5294.1%$56,576
  Retail Trade26,28211.3%$923,2166.7%$35,127
  Trans., Warehousing13,9946.0%$871,3866.4%$62,269
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)52,214*22.4%*$2,151,374*15.7%*$41,203*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,755100.0%100.0%$496,149$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family120.7%0.4%$1,843$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Lake County

in 2021
Percent of County
Cedar Lake14,6932.9%
Crown Point34,6216.9%
East Chicago26,0995.2%
Lake Station13,1602.6%
New Chicago1,9800.4%
St. John21,4484.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph