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Lake County, Indiana

Named for Lake Michigan and organized in 1837

County Seat: Crown Point

Largest City: Hammond (2020 population: 75,342)

Population per Square Mile: 977.03

Square Miles: 499.00

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)496,11227.7%6,484,050
Today (2020)487,53627.2%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*516,19527.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.7%56 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration8508 1,323
Net International Migration8713 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)338112.5%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)28,93725.9%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)84,222217.3%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)41,49538.5%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)122,435225.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)125,566225.8%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)84,881217.4%16.5%
Median Age39.6  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,75220.6%0.4%
Asian Alone8,25361.7%2.7%
Black Alone119,794224.6%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone33540.1%0.1%
White346,229271.0%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups10,17332.1%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic390,041280.0%92.6%
Hispanic97,495220.0%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)186,7312100.0%100.0%
Married With Children31,060316.6%18.5%
Married Without Children51,008227.3%29.7%
Single Parents21,168211.3%9.3%
Living Alone55,416229.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)215,5972100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)212,8992100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
130,138261.1%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$149,50023  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
56,593226.6%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$7239  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 82,85227.4%1,112,460
Public76,60527.4%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)327,86227.4%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher88.7%44 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree22.6%23 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$46,7362396.0%48,678
Median Household Income in 201957,2804099.4%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201914.5%11121.8%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.3%12134.4%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2020747211.2%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202071,675210.9%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202042,48928.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20175,61026.8%82,170
Births to Teens, 201735726.9%5,152
Deaths, 20175,19027.9%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force225,18526.8%3,319,010
Employed201,98926.6%3,082,982
Unemployed23,19629.8%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate10.33145.1%7.1
August 2021 Unemployment Rate6.72167.5%4.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work249,849100.0%$14,155,472100.0%$56,656
Wage and Salary203,06081.3%$10,237,80672.3%$50,418
Farm Proprietors3240.1%$3,4780.0%$10,735
Nonfarm Proprietors46,46518.6%$1,482,32510.5%$31,902
Farm4390.2%$7,1670.1%$16,326
Nonfarm249,41099.8%$14,148,30599.9%$56,727
Private223,30189.4%$12,634,10289.3%$56,579
  Accommodation, Food Serv.20,9298.4%$825,7375.8%$39,454
  Arts, Ent., Recreation7,5533.0%$246,0571.7%$32,577
  Construction15,1026.0%$1,205,0768.5%$79,796
  Health Care, Social Serv.37,40115.0%$2,327,42716.4%$62,229
  Information1,7090.7%$95,3820.7%$55,812
  Manufacturing24,0979.6%$2,677,04118.9%$111,094
  Professional, Tech. Serv.10,2524.1%$545,4153.9%$53,201
  Retail Trade27,77311.1%$884,1956.2%$31,836
  Trans., Warehousing13,3335.3%$822,9355.8%$61,722
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)56,505*22.6%*$2,109,256*14.9%*$37,329*
Government26,10910.4%$1,514,20310.7%$57,995

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,512100.0%100.0%$400,217$5,872,297
Single-Family1,40893.1%76.2%$383,802$5,209,930
2-Family604.0%2.5%10,847$83,895
3- and 4-Family40.3%0.8%$450$25,965
5+ Family402.6%20.6%$5,118$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Lake County

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of County
Cedar Lake13,5882.8%
Crown Point30,9066.3%
Dyer15,9553.3%
East Chicago27,7425.7%
Gary74,69315.3%
Griffith16,0323.3%
Hammond75,34215.5%
Highland22,2834.6%
Hobart27,9135.7%
Lake Station11,8502.4%
Lowell10,1372.1%
Merrillville34,9167.2%
Munster22,4834.6%
New Chicago1,9370.4%
St. John19,6164.0%
Schererville28,5935.9%
Schneider2600.1%
Whiting4,8141.0%
Winfield6,2651.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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