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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2023 population: 53,484)

Population per Square Mile: 445.62

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)207,04763.2%6,484,050
Today (2023)206,40963.0%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*223,39263.2%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.3%20 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,92590 4,599
Net International Migration4759 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)977413.0%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)14,55267.1%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)41,257620.0%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)19,21599.3%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)51,206624.8%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)47,521623.0%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)32,658815.8%17.2%
Median Age35.8  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,47650.7%0.5%
Asian Alone2,660131.3%2.9%
Black Alone12,340106.0%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone19270.1%0.1%
White184,323689.3%83.7%
Two or More Race Groups5,41872.6%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic164,338979.6%91.2%
Hispanic42,071320.4%8.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)71,7518100.0%100.0%
Married With Children13,822919.3%18.1%
Married Without Children22,651631.6%29.6%
Single Parents6,94779.7%9.0%
Living Alone19,696927.5%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)80,8858100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)79,8087100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
51,118764.1%63.5%
Median Value (2022)$181,80029  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
20,633925.9%27.1%
Median Rent (2022)$78115  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 36,76763.3%1,124,094
Public34,25163.3%1,035,718
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)131,03862.9%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher82.2%89 90%
with B.A. or higher degree20%36 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$58,57014100.4%58,323
Median Household Income in 202263,7775095.5%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202213.1%31104.8%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.3%39105.8%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20228482.1%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202213,775102.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202319,01853.7%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20212,92663.7%79,946
Births to Teens, 202117444.5%3,845
Deaths, 20191,75372.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force110,51363.2%3,401,387
Employed106,10063.2%3,288,017
Unemployed4,41363.9%113,370
Annual Unemployment Rate4.06121.2%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate4.1193.2%4.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work173,324100.0%$13,030,041100.0%$75,177
Wage and Salary148,94685.9%$9,799,27875.2%$65,791
Farm Proprietors1,3960.8%$193,0751.5%$138,306
Nonfarm Proprietors22,98213.3%$1,056,9008.1%$45,988
Farm1,6120.9%$200,6671.5%$124,483
Nonfarm171,71299.1%$12,829,37498.5%$74,714
Private162,91194.0%$12,271,11694.2%$75,324
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,2514.2%$189,6681.5%$26,157
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,0770.6%$17,5280.1%$16,275
  Construction6,1653.6%$475,3323.6%$77,102
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,7526.8%$845,0856.5%$71,910
  Information6690.4%$32,2560.2%$48,215
  Manufacturing77,15244.5%$6,775,37252.0%$87,818
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,7772.2%$209,5651.6%$55,485
  Retail Trade12,4377.2%$477,9093.7%$38,426
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade8,5404.9%$835,6416.4%$97,850
  Other Private (not above)27,494*15.9%*$2,032,281*15.6%*$73,917*
Government8,8015.1%$558,2584.3%$63,431

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed287100.0%100.0%$97,991$7,695,489
Single-Family27997.2%63.0%$95,691$5,961,199
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$99,053
3- and 4-Family82.8%0.9%$2,300$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2023
Percent of County
Bristol1,7850.9%
Elkhart53,48425.9%
Goshen34,35516.6%
Middlebury3,6761.8%
Millersburg9480.5%
Nappanee6,5573.2%*
Wakarusa1,9991.0%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph