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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2019 population: 52,358)

Population per Square Mile: 445.47

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56963.0%6,484,051
Today (2019)206,34163.1%6,731,010
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*225,49663.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today4.4%16 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-87089 3,997
Net International Migration20912 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,38547.5%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,41567.5%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)41,027619.9%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)18,51299.0%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)51,345624.9%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)48,832623.7%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)31,210715.1%16.1%
Median Age35.7  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,33450.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,527131.2%2.6%
Black Alone12,60196.1%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone17860.1%0.1%
White184,614689.5%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups5,08762.5%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic171,761883.2%92.7%
Hispanic34,580316.8%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)71,7187100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,406721.5%18.5%
Married Without Children22,223631.0%29.7%
Single Parents7,671610.7%9.3%
Living Alone18,113925.3%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)79,7567100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)79,0967100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
50,067663.3%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$144,30025  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
21,651927.4%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$66614  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 36,75663.3%1,111,333
Public36,04563.4%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)129,68562.9%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher80.8%89 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree19.8%32 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$46,9752296.5%48,678
Median Household Income in 201955,7824696.8%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 20199.6%5880.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1812.3%6981.5%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202013982.1%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202017,55062.7%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202019,35553.8%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20173,09263.8%82,170
Births to Teens, 201723154.5%5,152
Deaths, 20171,74872.7%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force112,94163.3%3,382,491
Employed109,46863.3%3,273,070
Unemployed3,47363.2%109,421
Annual Unemployment Rate3.15196.9%3.2
February 2021 Unemployment Rate3.58074.5%4.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work162,215100.0%$9,734,735100.0%$60,011
Wage and Salary139,92486.3%$7,009,17372.0%$50,093
Farm Proprietors1,4350.9%$57,0260.6%$39,739
Nonfarm Proprietors20,85612.9%$1,026,40810.5%$49,214
Farm1,7211.1%$64,4200.7%$37,432
Nonfarm160,49498.9%$9,670,31599.3%$60,253
Private151,21693.2%$9,133,56593.8%$60,401
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,5754.7%$159,3641.6%$21,038
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,3100.8%$19,2840.2%$14,721
  Construction6,0233.7%$394,7514.1%$65,541
  Health Care, Social Serv.12,4697.7%$734,6167.5%$58,915
  Information5650.3%$29,1270.3%$51,552
  Manufacturing67,23641.4%$4,884,74850.2%$72,651
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,7932.3%$193,7082.0%$51,070
  Retail Trade12,7367.9%$411,6204.2%$32,319
  Trans., Warehousing5,0313.1%$262,0072.7%$52,079
  Wholesale Trade7,5644.7%$660,2606.8%$87,290
  Other Private (not above)26,391*16.3%*$1,355,000*13.9%*$51,343*
Government9,2785.7%$536,7505.5%$57,852

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed350100.0%100.0%$89,694$4,988,366
Single-Family33996.9%73.1%$88,294$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family113.1%24.6%$1,400$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Bristol1,6920.8%
Elkhart52,35825.4%
Goshen34,21716.6%
Middlebury3,6131.8%
Millersburg9510.5%
Nappanee6,3683.1%*
Wakarusa1,8500.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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