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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2021 population: 53,949)

Population per Square Mile: 446.72

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56963.0%6,484,050
Today (2021)206,92163.0%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*225,49663.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today4.7%18 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-97091 14,280
Net International Migration909 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)9284134.1%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,12167.3%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)41,532620.1%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)18,79899.1%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)51,626624.9%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)48,284623.3%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)31,560715.3%16.4%
Median Age35.6  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,42650.7%0.4%
Asian Alone2,645121.3%2.7%
Black Alone12,73496.2%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone19170.1%0.1%
White184,478689.2%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups5,44762.6%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic170,599882.4%92.3%
Hispanic36,322317.6%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)72,3627100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,322721.2%18.3%
Married Without Children22,456631.0%29.8%
Single Parents7,505710.4%9.3%
Living Alone18,590925.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)80,1017100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)79,3897100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
50,964664.2%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$149,30027  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
21,398927.0%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$67215  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 36,76463.3%1,120,155
Public34,49763.3%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)130,35462.9%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher81.1%89 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree19.5%35 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$49,8752396.1%51,926
Median Household Income in 202066,80120109.9%$60,794
Poverty Rate in 20209.8%5684.5%11.6%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1812.7%5985.2%14.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202114072.2%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 202114,74972.3%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202019,35553.8%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20193,02963.7%80,859
Births to Teens, 201723154.5%5,152
Deaths, 20191,75372.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force115,90763.5%3,321,548
Employed113,00763.5%3,203,166
Unemployed2,90092.4%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate2.58069.4%3.6
August 2022 Unemployment Rate2.55980.6%3.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work152,140100.0%$9,815,581100.0%$64,517
Wage and Salary131,26686.3%$7,156,24072.9%$54,517
Farm Proprietors1,4210.9%$91,7660.9%$64,578
Nonfarm Proprietors19,45312.8%$869,9358.9%$44,720
Farm1,6791.1%$98,6451.0%$58,752
Nonfarm150,46198.9%$9,716,93699.0%$64,581
Private141,38492.9%$9,180,12793.5%$64,930
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6,5664.3%$139,6731.4%$21,272
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,0050.7%$13,2320.1%$13,166
  Construction5,7113.8%$403,0054.1%$70,566
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,9237.8%$736,9027.5%$61,805
  Information5230.3%$30,1020.3%$57,556
  Manufacturing62,70941.2%$4,765,48748.6%$75,994
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,5442.3%$184,0891.9%$51,944
  Retail Trade12,1388.0%$425,8114.3%$35,081
  Trans., Warehousing4,9073.2%$266,0602.7%$54,221
  Wholesale Trade7,3774.8%$669,9746.8%$90,819
  Other Private (not above)24,515*16.1%*$1,519,541*15.5%*$61,984*
Government9,0776.0%$536,8095.5%$59,139

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed458100.0%100.0%$114,735$7,583,249
Single-Family38984.9%74.4%$108,635$6,692,956
2-Family61.3%2.4%1,100$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family6313.8%22.7%$5,000$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Bristol1,7810.9%
Elkhart53,94926.1%
Goshen34,75616.8%
Middlebury3,4491.7%
Millersburg9530.5%
Nappanee6,5623.2%*
Wakarusa2,0391.0%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph