Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Central Indiana

Counties include: Bartholomew, Boone, Brown, Clay, Clinton, Decatur, Delaware, Fayette, Fountain, Franklin, Greene, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Henry, Johnson, Madison, Marion, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Owen, Parke, Putnam, Randolph, Rush, Shelby, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Union, Vermillion, Vigo, Warren, Wayne

Largest City: Indianapolis Consolidated (2020 population: 887,756)

Population per Square Mile: 237.3

Square Miles: 13,554.8

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)2,993,519146.2%6,484,050
Today (2020)3,216,432147.6%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*3,441,581148.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today7.4%1 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank of 3Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2,9991 1,323
Net International Migration6,6661 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)8,324160.6%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank of 3Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)195,69116.1%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)542,097116.9%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)347,440110.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)856,643126.6%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)782,634124.3%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)491,927115.3%16.5%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of 3Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone12,34120.4%0.4%
Asian Alone121,03213.8%2.7%
Black Alone382,574111.9%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone1,95810.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups75,43512.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 3Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (includes detail not shown below)1,212,1071100.0%100.0%
Married With Children224,654218.5%18.5%
Married Without Children339,513128.0%29.7%
Single Parents112,10519.2%9.3%
Living Alone361,872129.9%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 3Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)1,380,7241100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)1,350,0381100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)794,311158.8%61.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)417,796130.9%27.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 3Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 539,332148.5%1,112,460

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 3Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$51,2281105.2%$48,678
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20203,266149.1%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 2020316,508148.0%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/2020241,970147.7%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 3Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201738,874147.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 20172,142141.6%5,152
Deaths, 201728,826143.9%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank of 3Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force1,592,618148.0%3,319,010
Annual Unemployment Rate6.6293.0%7.1
August 2021 Unemployment Rate3.8295.0%4.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work1,990,554100.0%$122,388,289100.0%$61,485
Wage and Salary1,615,46081.2%$84,263,26068.8%$52,161
Farm Proprietors16,4030.8%$218,2670.2%$13,307
Nonfarm Proprietors358,69118.0%$18,473,64915.1%$51,503
  Accommodation, Food Serv.141,722*7.1%*$3,400,131*2.8%*$23,992*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation38,313*1.9%*$1,177,145*1.0%*$30,724*
  Health Care, Social Serv.216,009*10.9%*$15,039,619*12.3%*$69,625*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.110,642*5.6%*$9,188,264*7.5%*$83,045*
  Retail Trade183,941*9.2%*$6,537,004*5.3%*$35,539*
  Trans., Warehousing109,800*5.5%*$5,710,621*4.7%*$52,009*
  Wholesale Trade63,105*3.2%*$5,710,115*4.7%*$90,486*
  Other Private (not above)487,148*24.5%*$30,213,944*24.7%*$62,022*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed13,993100.0%100.0%$3,368,227$5,872,297
3- and 4-Family1481.1%0.8%$21,298$25,965
5+ Family3,60825.8%20.6%$404,152$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Central Indiana

in 2020
Percent of Region
Terre Haute60,4101.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph