Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 6

Counties include: Blackford, Delaware, Fayette, Henry, Jay, Randolph, Rush, Union, Wayne

Largest City: Muncie (2023 population: 65,081)

Population per Square Mile: 111.3

Square Miles: 2,971.4

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)331,69994.9%6,785,528
Today (2023)330,70094.8%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*318,896104.5%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.3%11 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration9604 4,599
Net International Migration26410 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1,12712-15.0%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)17,89995.4%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)50,2481015.2%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)40,436812.2%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)75,9921023.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)82,545925.0%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)63,627819.2%16.9%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,144110.3%0.4%
Asian Alone3,065110.9%2.8%
Black Alone14,10994.3%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone184110.1%0.1%
White304,659992.1%84.0%
Two or More Race Groups7,58682.3%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic321,204897.1%92.1%
Hispanic9,543112.9%7.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (includes detail not shown below)134,4329100.0%100.0%
Married With Children20,2401215.1%18.1%
Married Without Children40,180929.9%29.6%
Single Parents12,55319.3%9.0%
Living Alone40,461830.1%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)151,3308100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)151,0458100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)94,365962.5%63.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)40,067926.5%27.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 55,67585.0%1,124,094
Public54,40585.3%1,035,718

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$48,0561082.4%$58,323
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202227176.9%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202239,11376.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202327,72185.4%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20213,59694.5%79,946
Births to Teens, 202122285.8%3,845
Deaths, 20194,13086.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force149,609114.4%3,401,387
Employed144,298114.4%3,288,017
Unemployed5,31184.7%113,370
Annual Unemployment Rate3.54106.1%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate3.73108.8%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work160,300100.0%$8,862,922100.0%$55,290
Wage and Salary125,98478.6%$6,079,43168.6%$48,256
Farm Proprietors4,2352.6%$484,8735.5%$114,492
Nonfarm Proprietors30,08118.8%$885,53210.0%$29,438
Farm4,9603.1%$516,2115.8%$104,075
Nonfarm155,34096.9%$8,346,71194.2%$53,732
Private132,18182.5%$6,976,30878.7%$52,778
  Accommodation, Food Serv.11,384*7.1%*$273,882*3.1%*$24,059*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2,034*1.3%*$33,094*0.4%*$16,270*
  Construction8,8675.5%$524,6545.9%$59,169
  Health Care, Social Serv.17,787*11.1%*$1,325,457*15.0%*$74,518*
  Information1,154*0.7%*$74,456*0.8%*$64,520*
  Manufacturing20,72412.9%$1,569,04117.7%$75,711
  Professional, Tech. Serv.5,480*3.4%*$321,715*3.6%*$58,707*
  Retail Trade17,54210.9%$618,9857.0%$35,286
  Trans., Warehousing5,024*3.1%*$259,436*2.9%*$51,639*
  Wholesale Trade3,672*2.3%*$287,905*3.2%*$78,406*
  Other Private (not above)31,500*19.7%*$1,362,113*15.4%*$43,242*
Government23,15914.4%$1,370,40315.5%$59,174

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed294100.0%100.0%$84,370$7,695,489
Single-Family24683.7%63.0%$82,470$5,961,199
2-Family00.0%2.0%$0$99,053
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family4816.3%34.2%$1,900$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 6

NamePopulation
in 2023
Percent of Region
Connersville13,2984.0%
Hartford City5,9741.8%
Muncie65,08119.7%
New Castle17,3295.2%
Portland6,1871.9%
Richmond35,42510.7%
Rushville6,1911.9%
Union City3,4231.0%
Winchester4,7781.4%
Yorktown11,7403.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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