Hoosiers by the Numbers

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Economic Growth Region 4

Counties include: Benton, Carroll, Cass, Clinton, Fountain, Howard, Miami, Montgomery, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Warren, White

Largest City: Lafayette (2022 population: 71,402)

Population per Square Mile: 106.6

Square Miles: 4,793.2

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)508,85867.5%6,785,528
Today (2022)510,88967.5%6,833,037
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*521,62467.4%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.4%5 0.7%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2021-2022NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,01810 5,230
Net International Migration2,0303 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1056-10.3%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)29,05065.7%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)82,676616.2%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)69,863513.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)123,389624.2%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)120,107623.6%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)84,533616.6%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,80360.6%0.4%
Asian Alone18,39043.6%2.7%
Black Alone23,37264.6%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone35470.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups10,64562.1%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (includes detail not shown below)199,2856100.0%100.0%
Married With Children33,443816.8%18.2%
Married Without Children59,498629.9%29.8%
Single Parents17,07518.6%9.2%
Living Alone59,573429.9%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)226,4296100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)222,0826100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)134,517660.6%62.9%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)64,768629.2%27.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 77,60166.9%1,120,155

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$47,0131083.2%$56,497
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202228257.2%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202244,68567.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/202235,11367.3%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20195,87567.3%80,851
Births to Teens, 202130267.9%3,845
Deaths, 20194,97667.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force248,53767.3%3,404,443
Annual Unemployment Rate3.24106.7%3.0
August 2023 Unemployment Rate3.6697.3%3.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work268,495100.0%$15,067,623100.0%$56,119
Wage and Salary216,31380.6%$10,751,66971.4%$49,704
Farm Proprietors5,2662.0%$551,4683.7%$104,722
Nonfarm Proprietors46,91617.5%$1,053,0897.0%$22,446
  Accommodation, Food Serv.18,585*6.9%*$447,510*3.0%*$24,079*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,070*1.1%*$42,736*0.3%*$13,921*
  Health Care, Social Serv.22,971*8.6%*$1,474,187*9.8%*$64,176*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.8,587*3.2%*$520,280*3.5%*$60,589*
  Retail Trade25,780*9.6%*$850,678*5.6%*$32,998*
  Trans., Warehousing8,696*3.2%*$434,714*2.9%*$49,990*
  Wholesale Trade5,463*2.0%*$425,347*2.8%*$77,860*
  Other Private (not above)44,382*16.5%*$1,669,791*11.1%*$37,623*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,115100.0%100.0%$410,898$6,635,992
3- and 4-Family30.1%0.5%$230$14,702
5+ Family1,22357.8%32.6%$153,152$1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 4

in 2022
Percent of Region
West Lafayette45,0608.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph