Hoosiers by the Numbers

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Economic Growth Region 4

Counties include: Benton, Carroll, Cass, Clinton, Fountain, Howard, Miami, Montgomery, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Warren, White

Largest City: Lafayette (2023 population: 71,216)

Population per Square Mile: 106.7

Square Miles: 4,793.2

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)508,85867.5%6,785,528
Today (2023)511,67067.5%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*521,62467.4%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.6%5 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-99610 4,599
Net International Migration2,2773 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)14952.0%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)28,76465.6%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)83,208616.3%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)70,998513.9%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)123,961624.2%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)117,261622.9%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)87,478617.1%17.2%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,89660.6%0.5%
Asian Alone18,89843.7%2.9%
Black Alone24,36964.8%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone39570.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups11,67062.3%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (includes detail not shown below)201,6606100.0%100.0%
Married With Children34,186817.0%18.1%
Married Without Children58,411629.0%29.6%
Single Parents16,86818.4%9.0%
Living Alone61,653430.6%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)228,3056100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)223,5026100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)134,986660.4%63.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)66,674629.8%27.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 77,36566.9%1,124,094

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$47,8391182.0%$58,323
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202228257.2%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202244,68567.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202338,55967.5%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20215,68667.1%79,946
Births to Teens, 202130267.9%3,845
Deaths, 20194,97667.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force250,74367.4%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.35100.0%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate4.06102.6%3.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work279,144100.0%$16,156,475100.0%$57,879
Wage and Salary222,51279.7%$11,796,59273.0%$53,016
Farm Proprietors5,1921.9%$533,4133.3%$102,737
Nonfarm Proprietors51,44018.4%$1,112,4116.9%$21,625
  Accommodation, Food Serv.19,892*7.1%*$489,750*3.0%*$24,620*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,366*1.2%*$51,530*0.3%*$15,309*
  Health Care, Social Serv.23,175*8.3%*$1,530,219*9.5%*$66,029*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9,073*3.3%*$564,275*3.5%*$62,193*
  Retail Trade26,160*9.4%*$895,187*5.5%*$34,220*
  Trans., Warehousing10,075*3.6%*$498,472*3.1%*$49,476*
  Wholesale Trade5,583*2.0%*$454,467*2.8%*$81,402*
  Other Private (not above)52,271*18.7%*$1,971,087*12.2%*$37,709*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,449100.0%100.0%$517,484$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family1,58564.7%34.2%$239,058$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 4

in 2023
Percent of Region
West Lafayette44,8298.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph