Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 2

Counties include: Elkhart, Fulton, Kosciusko, Marshall, St. Joseph

Largest City: South Bend (2019 population: 102,026)

Population per Square Mile: 275.5

Square Miles: 2,264.5

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)609,74459.4%6,484,051
Today (2019)623,85559.3%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*653,99959.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.3%7 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2,42911 3,997
Net International Migration1,1515 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)2,787415.0%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)42,14756.8%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)113,630518.3%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)60,38769.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)153,564524.7%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)153,767524.7%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)98,520515.8%15.8%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,54230.6%0.4%
Asian Alone11,17471.8%2.5%
Black Alone51,42448.3%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone52940.1%0.1%
White539,917586.8%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups15,42952.5%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic552,102588.8%92.9%
Hispanic69,913311.2%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (includes detail not shown below)229,3755100.0%100.0%
Married With Children45,877620.0%18.6%
Married Without Children70,675530.8%29.9%
Single Parents22,49619.8%9.5%
Living Alone61,351426.7%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)266,5035100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)263,3645100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)160,036560.8%61.3%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)69,339526.3%27.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 104,66359.4%1,111,333
Public97,85059.3%1,050,614

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$46,733499.1%$47,149
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201936166.9%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 201951,16948.8%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202051,312510.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20178,477510.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 2017609311.8%5,152
Deaths, 20175,93559.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force324,96559.6%3,387,366
Employed314,32859.6%3,275,056
Unemployed10,63759.5%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.35100.0%3.3
April 2020 Unemployment Rate23.21135.7%17.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work414,142100.0%$23,372,951100.0%$56,437
Wage and Salary346,98783.8%$16,655,26071.3%$48,000
Farm Proprietors4,4271.1%$70,6990.3%$15,970
Nonfarm Proprietors62,72815.1%$2,690,29311.5%$42,888
Farm5,7111.4%$117,1920.5%$20,520
Nonfarm408,43198.6%$23,255,75999.5%$56,939
Private377,68491.2%$21,606,16792.4%$57,207
  Accommodation, Food Serv.24,7716.0%$524,7942.2%$21,186
  Arts, Ent., Recreation6,0591.5%$118,2260.5%$19,512
  Construction17,3424.2%$1,092,5834.7%$63,002
  Health Care, Social Serv.40,820*9.9%*$2,352,684*10.1%*$57,636*
  Information3,1220.8%$172,3800.7%$55,215
  Manufacturing112,16227.1%$8,614,49436.9%$76,804
  Professional, Tech. Serv.13,660*3.3%*$1,098,790*4.7%*$80,439*
  Retail Trade37,9569.2%$1,189,3815.1%$31,336
  Trans., Warehousing7,024*1.7%*$291,447*1.2%*$41,493*
  Wholesale Trade16,0943.9%$1,444,4266.2%$89,749
  Other Private (not above)90,306*21.8%*$4,299,295*18.4%*$47,608*
Government30,7477.4%$1,649,5927.1%$53,651

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,080100.0%100.0%$270,884$4,988,366
Single-Family97890.6%73.1%$266,700$4,298,385
2-Family40.4%1.6%$70$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family989.1%24.6%$4,114$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 2

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of Region
Bremen4,4740.7%
Elkhart52,3588.4%
Goshen34,2175.5%
Mishawaka50,3638.1%
Nappanee6,8431.1%*
Plymouth9,9821.6%
Rochester5,9941.0%
South Bend102,02616.4%
Warsaw15,1502.4%
Winona Lake4,9020.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this region is shown.
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