Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 2

Counties include: Elkhart, Fulton, Kosciusko, Marshall, St. Joseph

Largest City: South Bend (2018 population: 101,860)

Population per Square Mile: 274.7

Square Miles: 2,264.5

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)609,74159.4%6,484,061
Today (2018)622,01559.3%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*633,34459.2%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.0%7 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,30710 3,555
Net International Migration7515 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)2,803414.6%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)42,14756.8%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)113,630518.3%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)60,38769.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)153,564524.7%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)153,767524.7%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)98,520515.8%15.8%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,54230.6%0.4%
Asian Alone11,17471.8%2.5%
Black Alone51,42448.3%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone52940.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups15,42952.5%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (includes detail not shown below)227,8755100.0%100.0%
Married With Children45,334619.9%18.8%
Married Without Children70,109530.8%30.0%
Single Parents22,66019.9%9.6%
Living Alone60,501426.6%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)265,3975100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)262,4435100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)159,392560.7%61.2%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)68,483526.1%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 105,61259.4%1,117,590

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$44,719499.0%$45,150
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201842567.0%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 201851,67448.5%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/201950,93359.9%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20178,477510.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 2017609311.8%5,152
Deaths, 20175,93559.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force329,13159.7%3,381,713
Annual Unemployment Rate3.1991.2%3.4
June 2019 Unemployment Rate3.2797.0%3.3

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work408,342100.0%$22,848,765100.0%$55,955
Wage and Salary344,13884.3%$16,301,85871.3%$47,370
Farm Proprietors4,4981.1%$49,7770.2%$11,066
Nonfarm Proprietors59,70614.6%$2,480,50310.9%$41,545
  Accommodation, Food Serv.23,960*5.9%*$492,211*2.2%*$20,543*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation4,983*1.2%*$93,268*0.4%*$18,717*
  Health Care, Social Serv.40,492*9.9%*$2,308,929*10.1%*$57,022*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.13,054*3.2%*$1,130,914*4.9%*$86,634*
  Retail Trade37,8379.3%$1,149,1305.0%$30,371
  Trans., Warehousing6,409*1.6%*$299,908*1.3%*$46,795*
  Wholesale Trade15,813*3.9%*$1,349,130*5.9%*$85,318*
  Other Private (not above)89,892*22.0%*$4,197,837*18.4%*$46,699*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,409100.0%100.0%$313,516$4,879,857
3- and 4-Family30.2%0.2%$1,137$6,163
5+ Family40028.4%21.4%$36,113$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 2

in 2018
Percent of Region
South Bend101,86016.4%
Winona Lake4,9260.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this region is shown.
city graph