Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 2

Counties include: Elkhart, Fulton, Kosciusko, Marshall, St. Joseph

Largest City: South Bend (2017 population: 102,245)

Population per Square Mile: 274.3

Square Miles: 2,264.5

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)609,74459.4%6,484,125
Today (2017)621,22959.3%6,666,818
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*633,34459.2%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today1.9%7 2.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2016-2017NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2,24311 -976
Net International Migration9655 11,410
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)3,041413.5%22,545

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2017NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)42,31056.8%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)114,053518.4%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)60,99169.8%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)152,453524.5%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)155,518525.0%25.9%
Seniors (65 and older)95,904515.4%15.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,44530.6%0.4%
Asian Alone10,70471.7%2.4%
Black Alone50,69448.2%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone54740.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups15,00252.4%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2016 (includes detail not shown below)226,8165100.0%100.0%
Married With Children45,317620.0%19.0%
Married Without Children69,740530.7%30.0%
Single Parents22,55919.9%9.7%
Living Alone60,878426.8%28.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2017 (estimate)263,9075100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2016 (includes vacant units)260,6885100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)159,168561.1%61.0%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)67,648525.9%27.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 106,18059.6%1,110,866

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2016$42,704499.1%$43,097
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201749257.2%6,790
Food Stamp Recipients in 201757,75748.8%656,297
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/201751,485410.4%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20168,548510.3%83,063
Births to Teens, 2015679311.6%5,876
Deaths, 20155,79459.2%62,666

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2017NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force320,47659.7%3,320,409
Annual Unemployment Rate3.11188.6%3.5
July 2018 Unemployment Rate3.2891.4%3.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2016 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work400,268100.0%$21,391,219100.0%$53,442
Wage and Salary334,93283.7%$15,135,70970.8%$45,190
Farm Proprietors4,5591.1%$92,8610.4%$20,369
Nonfarm Proprietors60,77715.2%$2,380,89611.1%$39,174
  Accommodation, Food Serv.24,185*6.0%*$479,779*2.2%*$19,838*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation4,641*1.2%*$67,673*0.3%*$14,582*
  Health Care, Social Serv.40,751*10.2%*$2,237,341*10.5%*$54,903*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.13,3023.3%$1,001,5914.7%$75,296
  Retail Trade38,0899.5%$1,092,6315.1%$28,686
  Trans., Warehousing10,560*2.6%*$521,722*2.4%*$49,405*
  Wholesale Trade16,786*4.2%*$1,436,937*6.7%*$85,603*
  Other Private (not above)88,970*22.2%*$3,979,866*18.6%*$44,733*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2017UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,809100.0%100.0%$296,640$4,583,500
3- and 4-Family40.2%0.4%$280$13,000
5+ Family76642.3%23.4%$43,421$469,056

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 2

in 2017
Percent of Region
South Bend102,24516.5%
Winona Lake5,1490.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this region is shown.
city graph