IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 1

Counties include: Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Pulaski, Starke

Largest City: Hammond (2014 population: 78,384)

Population per Square Mile: 263.9

Square Miles: 3,219.6

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)856,370313.2%6,484,229
Today (2015)849,762312.8%6,619,680
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*886,278312.9%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.8%10 2.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2014-2015NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-5,60912 -14,881
Net International Migration6897 12,574
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,66756.6%25,260

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2014NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)51,12046.0%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)151,015317.7%17.6%
College Age (18 to 24)76,99139.0%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)212,080324.9%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)234,171227.5%26.3%
Seniors (65 and older)127,043214.9%14.3%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2014NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,95820.5%0.4%
Asian Alone10,76551.3%2.0%
Black Alone143,485216.8%9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone42350.0%0.1%
White679,127279.7%86.1%
Two or More Race Groups14,66241.7%1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic737,336386.5%93.4%
Hispanic115,084113.5%6.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2014 (includes detail not shown below)318,8262100.0%100.0%
Married With Children59,639518.7%19.4%
Married Without Children95,488129.9%30.1%
Single Parents33,389110.5%9.9%
Living Alone85,917226.9%27.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2014 (estimate)362,6093100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2014 (includes vacant units)361,0843100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)228,924263.4%61.6%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)89,902224.9%27.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2014/2015 Total Reported) 152,613313.5%1,130,285
Public142,248313.6%1,045,779

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2014$39,088498.8%$39,578
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20151,252215.0%8,338
Food Stamp Recipients in 2015124,495215.4%810,606
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201471,571213.9%514,128

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201410,155412.1%84,080
Births to Teens, 2014768212.2%6,277
Deaths, 20148,306113.7%60,798

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2015NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force402,898312.3%3,265,761
Employed377,486312.1%3,109,217
Unemployed25,412116.2%156,544
Annual Unemployment Rate6.31131.3%4.8
March 2016 Unemployment Rate7.51136.4%5.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2014 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work408,945100.0%$20,135,804100.0%$49,238
Wage and Salary332,90481.4%$14,533,10472.2%$43,656
Farm Proprietors3,1260.8%$266,2671.3%$85,178
Nonfarm Proprietors72,91517.8%$1,828,8309.1%$25,082
Farm4,4381.1%$339,2871.7%$76,450
Nonfarm404,50798.9%$19,796,51798.3%$48,940
Private357,18287.3%$17,481,07786.8%$48,942
  Accommodation, Food Serv.31,520*7.7%*$586,361*2.9%*$18,603*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation11,213*2.7%*$329,548*1.6%*$29,390*
  Construction24,7256.0%$1,779,5548.8%$71,974
  Health Care, Social Serv.51,612*12.6%*$2,806,944*13.9%*$54,385*
  Information3,306*0.8%*$158,063*0.8%*$47,811*
  Manufacturing47,71211.7%$4,552,47722.6%$95,416
  Professional, Tech. Serv.15,7363.8%$724,6573.6%$46,051
  Retail Trade47,50111.6%$1,425,3377.1%$30,006
  Trans., Warehousing15,597*3.8%*$866,620*4.3%*$55,563*
  Wholesale Trade4,568*1.1%*$298,753*1.5%*$65,401*
  Other Private (not above)88,411*21.6%*$2,814,328*14.0%*$31,832*
Government47,32511.6%$2,315,44011.5%$48,926

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2014UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,603100.0%100.0%$370,083$3,222,176
Single-Family1,40687.7%68.1%$350,829$2,748,532
2-Family301.9%2.0%$4,032$40,304
3- and 4-Family271.7%1.1%$3,363$18,185
5+ Family1408.7%28.7%$11,858$415,155

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 1

NamePopulation
in 2014
Percent of Region
Crown Point28,6233.4%
East Chicago28,9903.4%
Gary77,9099.1%
Hammond78,3849.2%
Hobart28,6353.4%
Merrillville35,4504.2%
Michigan City31,4873.7%
Portage36,7604.3%
Schererville28,9263.4%
Valparaiso32,3693.8%
city graph