Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 1

Counties include: Jasper, Lake, LaPorte, Newton, Porter, Pulaski, Starke

Largest City: Hammond (2019 population: 75,522)

Population per Square Mile: 263.6

Square Miles: 3,219.6

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)856,327313.2%6,484,051
Today (2019)848,664312.6%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*907,103312.7%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.9%10 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1,1943 3,997
Net International Migration4109 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)40872.2%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)48,64945.7%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)142,938316.8%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)73,40438.6%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)212,211325.0%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)224,457226.4%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)147,005217.3%16.1%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,23020.5%0.4%
Asian Alone12,09451.4%2.6%
Black Alone139,535216.4%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone42460.0%0.1%
White676,128379.7%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups16,25341.9%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic723,740485.3%92.7%
Hispanic124,924114.7%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (includes detail not shown below)324,3462100.0%100.0%
Married With Children56,779517.5%18.6%
Married Without Children96,524129.8%29.9%
Single Parents33,790110.4%9.5%
Living Alone90,353227.9%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)371,0133100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)366,2273100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)232,977263.6%61.3%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)91,369324.9%27.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 142,015312.8%1,111,333
Public135,694312.9%1,050,614

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$47,530497.6%$48,678
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2019780214.9%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 201991,445215.7%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202067,781213.3%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20179,444411.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 2017546410.6%5,152
Deaths, 20178,910113.6%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force408,081312.0%3,387,366
Employed389,886311.9%3,275,056
Unemployed18,195116.2%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate4.51136.4%3.3
October 2020 Unemployment Rate6.21129.2%4.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work423,137100.0%$22,871,121100.0%$54,051
Wage and Salary339,02180.1%$16,333,78771.4%$48,179
Farm Proprietors3,0160.7%$87,0000.4%$28,846
Nonfarm Proprietors81,10019.2%$2,537,00211.1%$31,282
Farm4,4951.1%$150,4920.7%$33,480
Nonfarm418,64298.9%$22,720,62999.3%$54,272
Private373,53488.3%$20,151,33488.1%$53,948
  Accommodation, Food Serv.33,789*8.0%*$1,122,452*4.9%*$33,219*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation10,976*2.6%*$325,987*1.4%*$29,700*
  Construction26,4586.3%$2,059,6849.0%$77,847
  Health Care, Social Serv.55,008*13.0%*$3,337,577*14.6%*$60,674*
  Information2,996*0.7%*$166,938*0.7%*$55,720*
  Manufacturing47,15611.1%$4,488,80019.6%$95,190
  Professional, Tech. Serv.16,429*3.9%*$859,601*3.8%*$52,322*
  Retail Trade47,15611.1%$1,452,3836.4%$30,800
  Trans., Warehousing15,488*3.7%*$957,625*4.2%*$61,830*
  Wholesale Trade4,588*1.1%*$329,233*1.4%*$71,760*
  Other Private (not above)93,461*22.1%*$3,358,978*14.7%*$35,940*
Government45,10810.7%$2,569,29511.2%$56,959

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,166100.0%100.0%$539,795$4,988,366
Single-Family2,02293.4%73.1%$520,323$4,298,385
2-Family663.0%1.6%$8,711$48,202
3- and 4-Family100.5%0.7%$1,660$26,551
5+ Family683.1%24.6%$9,100$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 1

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of Region
Crown Point30,4883.6%
East Chicago27,8173.3%
Gary74,8798.8%
Hammond75,5228.9%
Hobart27,9393.3%
Merrillville34,7924.1%
Michigan City31,0153.7%
Portage36,9884.4%
Schererville28,5273.4%
Valparaiso33,8974.0%
city graph