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Wells County, Indiana

Formed in 1837 and named for Captain William Wells, a scout for General Anthony Wayne

County Seat: Bluffton

Largest City: Bluffton (2019 population: 10,147)

Population per Square Mile: 76.87

Square Miles: 368.10

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)27,637580.4%6,484,192
Today (2019)28,296560.4%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*27,834580.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.4%24 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration10922 3,997
Net International Migration3133 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)75290.4%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,839536.5%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)5,1435218.2%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)2,144587.6%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,4505922.9%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,4665826.5%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)5,1645418.3%15.8%
Median Age40.2  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone82640.3%0.4%
Asian Alone191490.7%2.5%
Black Alone215580.8%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone12530.0%0.1%
White27,3645697.0%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups342511.2%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic27,3115696.8%92.9%
Hispanic895493.2%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)10,87456100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,3475221.6%18.6%
Married Without Children4,0025136.8%29.9%
Single Parents831627.6%9.5%
Living Alone2,8645726.3%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)11,96959100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)11,84359100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,6485373.0%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$120,70043  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,2266218.8%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$51351  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 5,035520.5%1,111,333
Public5,035500.5%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)18,826570.4%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher91.1%15 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree18.1%38 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$42,7304190.6%47,149
Median Household Income in 201860,01023107.7%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 20188.5%8165.4%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1812.0%7568.6%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201912780.2%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20191,320730.2%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20201,891620.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017328560.4%82,170
Births to Teens, 201724530.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017342510.5%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force14,514550.4%3,387,366
Employed14,123550.4%3,275,056
Unemployed391640.3%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate2.77581.8%3.3
April 2020 Unemployment Rate16.65197.1%17.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work14,713100.0%$663,253100.0%$45,079
Wage and Salary11,50978.2%$460,35669.4%$40,000
Farm Proprietors5143.5%$30,7124.6%$59,751
Nonfarm Proprietors2,69018.3%$56,1228.5%$20,863
Farm7335.0%$37,1385.6%$50,666
Nonfarm13,98095.0%$626,11594.4%$44,786
Private12,56785.4%$558,19284.2%$44,417
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6444.4%$9,9081.5%$15,385
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1080.7%$5810.1%$5,380
  Construction7465.1%$36,6075.5%$49,071
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,63011.1%$68,16010.3%$41,816
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing2,67918.2%$175,86726.5%$65,647
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,3699.3%$35,3855.3%$25,847
  Trans., Warehousing1,60210.9%$80,17612.1%$50,047
  Wholesale Trade5303.6%$38,9185.9%$73,430
  Other Private (not above)1,633*11.1%*$57,041*8.6%*$34,930*
Government1,4139.6%$67,92310.2%$48,070

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed53100.0%100.0%$11,578$4,988,366
Single-Family4992.5%73.1%$11,076$4,298,385
2-Family47.5%1.6%502$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Wells County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Bluffton10,14735.9%
Markle4551.6%*
Ossian3,38212.0%
Poneto1930.7%
Uniondale3151.1%
Vera Cruz860.3%
Zanesville4921.7%*
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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