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Randolph County, Indiana

Organized in 1818 out of the northern portion of Wayne County

County Seat: Winchester

Largest City: Winchester (2020 population: 4,566)

Population per Square Mile: 53.47

Square Miles: 452.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,170600.4%6,484,050
Today (2020)24,191620.4%6,785,644
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*23,981630.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-7.6%91 4.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-32484 14,280
Net International Migration1543 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-2969-4.2%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,353665.6%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)4,0196316.6%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)1,866617.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)5,3516522.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)6,5186326.9%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)5,0845821.0%16.5%
Median Age43.2  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone115560.5%0.4%
Asian Alone98670.4%2.7%
Black Alone196650.8%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone18440.1%0.1%
White23,4396296.9%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups325591.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic23,2536296.1%92.6%
Hispanic938523.9%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)10,22961100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,5626615.3%18.5%
Married Without Children3,3066432.3%29.7%
Single Parents959529.4%9.3%
Living Alone3,1345330.6%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)11,69861100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)11,70561100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7,8036166.7%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$81,20090  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,4265920.7%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$47176  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 10,214280.9%1,112,460
Public10,214251.0%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)17,321620.4%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher87.5%63 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree14.3%67 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$44,0276884.8%51,926
Median Household Income in 201950,4968187.6%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201913.3%20111.8%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.9%18125.2%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202123490.4%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20212,570470.4%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20204,190260.8%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019257650.3%80,859
Births to Teens, 201725510.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019319560.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force11,191640.3%3,319,010
Employed10,456640.3%3,082,982
Unemployed735640.3%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate6.64093.0%7.1
November 2021 Unemployment Rate1.61123.1%1.3

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work9,208100.0%$478,027100.0%$51,914
Wage and Salary6,66272.4%$288,08460.3%$43,243
Farm Proprietors6236.8%$42,7768.9%$68,661
Nonfarm Proprietors1,92320.9%$69,63814.6%$36,213
Farm7327.9%$48,71610.2%$66,552
Nonfarm8,47692.1%$429,31189.8%$50,650
Private7,21378.3%$367,40476.9%$50,936
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4925.3%$8,7161.8%$17,715
  Arts, Ent., Recreation911.0%$3,9390.8%$43,286
  Construction93910.2%$60,09412.6%$63,998
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information300.3%$13,6322.9%$454,400
  Manufacturing1,45915.8%$117,02324.5%$80,208
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade8108.8%$18,8233.9%$23,238
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade2773.0%$16,1283.4%$58,224
  Other Private (not above)1,520*16.5%*$51,218*10.7%*$33,696*
Government1,26313.7%$61,90713.0%$49,016

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed17100.0%100.0%$2,790$5,872,297
Single-Family17100.0%76.2%$2,790$5,209,930
2-Family00.0%2.5%0$83,895
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Randolph County

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of County
Albany1870.8%*
Farmland1,2245.1%
Losantville2200.9%
Lynn1,0064.2%
Modoc1740.7%
Parker City1,3195.5%
Ridgeville7343.0%
Saratoga2321.0%
Union City3,38514.0%
Winchester4,56618.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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