Hoosiers by the Numbers

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Lake County, Indiana

Named for Lake Michigan and organized in 1837

County Seat: Crown Point

Largest City: Hammond (2019 population: 75,522)

Population per Square Mile: 972.93

Square Miles: 499.00

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)496,10827.7%6,484,192
Today (2019)485,49327.2%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*516,19527.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.1%61 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration41311 3,997
Net International Migration26010 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)409112.2%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)28,52225.9%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)84,106217.3%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)42,12738.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)121,711225.1%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)126,832226.1%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)82,195216.9%16.1%
Median Age39.4  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,69020.6%0.4%
Asian Alone8,33361.7%2.6%
Black Alone118,555224.4%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone28940.1%0.1%
White345,938271.3%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups9,68832.0%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic390,239280.4%92.7%
Hispanic95,254219.6%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)185,4372100.0%100.0%
Married With Children30,811316.6%18.6%
Married Without Children50,843227.4%29.9%
Single Parents21,390211.5%9.5%
Living Alone54,223229.2%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)214,6852100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)212,1402100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
129,102260.9%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$143,50022  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
56,335226.6%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$7038  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 84,01827.6%1,111,333
Public79,52127.6%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)327,08327.4%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher88.1%55 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree22.1%22 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$45,1722595.8%47,149
Median Household Income in 201855,2804399.2%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201815.7%12120.8%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1824.6%7140.6%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2019571210.9%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 201962,841210.8%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202042,48928.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20175,61026.8%82,170
Births to Teens, 201735726.9%5,152
Deaths, 20175,19027.9%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force232,45126.9%3,387,366
Employed221,09626.8%3,275,056
Unemployed11,355210.1%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate4.92148.5%3.3
September 2020 Unemployment Rate8.71150.0%5.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work247,816100.0%$13,594,621100.0%$54,858
Wage and Salary202,31981.6%$10,017,33573.7%$49,513
Farm Proprietors3370.1%$-12,127-0.1%$-35,985
Nonfarm Proprietors45,16018.2%$1,257,2659.2%$27,840
Farm4680.2%$-7,583-0.1%$-16,203
Nonfarm247,34899.8%$13,602,204100.1%$54,992
Private220,38388.9%$12,166,89289.5%$55,208
  Accommodation, Food Serv.20,6788.3%$653,6214.8%$31,609
  Arts, Ent., Recreation7,4283.0%$247,6531.8%$33,340
  Construction15,1956.1%$1,180,1428.7%$77,666
  Health Care, Social Serv.37,27915.0%$2,240,97016.5%$60,113
  Information1,7650.7%$94,3640.7%$53,464
  Manufacturing24,0189.7%$2,704,73819.9%$112,613
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9,9584.0%$522,0253.8%$52,423
  Retail Trade28,19111.4%$838,9876.2%$29,761
  Trans., Warehousing12,6225.1%$721,8465.3%$57,190
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)54,778*22.1%*$2,082,531*15.3%*$38,018*
Government26,96510.9%$1,435,31210.6%$53,229

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,287100.0%100.0%$323,131$4,988,366
Single-Family1,20793.8%73.1%$312,213$4,298,385
2-Family423.3%1.6%4,778$48,202
3- and 4-Family60.5%0.7%$1,260$26,551
5+ Family322.5%24.6%$4,880$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Lake County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Cedar Lake13,1832.7%
Crown Point30,4886.3%
Dyer15,9763.3%
East Chicago27,8175.7%
Gary74,87915.4%
Griffith16,0603.3%
Hammond75,52215.6%
Highland22,3164.6%
Hobart27,9395.8%
Lake Station11,8452.4%
Lowell9,9332.0%
Merrillville34,7927.2%
Munster22,4764.6%
New Chicago1,9400.4%
St. John18,7963.9%
Schererville28,5275.9%
Schneider2600.1%
Whiting4,7651.0%
Winfield5,9871.2%
city graph