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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2015 population: 52,348)

Population per Square Mile: 439.28

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,484,192
Today (2015)203,47463.1%6,619,680
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today3.0%17 2.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2014-2015NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration12611 -14,881
Net International Migration16015 12,574
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,47145.8%25,260

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2015NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,13567.4%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)41,754620.5%17.5%
College Age (18 to 24)18,088108.9%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,839625.0%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,941624.5%26.2%
Seniors (65 and older)27,717713.6%14.6%
Median Age35.4  Median Age = 37.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2015NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,18150.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,434121.2%2.1%
Black Alone12,81166.3%9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone15770.1%0.1%
White182,101689.5%85.8%
Two or More Race Groups4,79062.4%1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic172,387784.7%93.3%
Hispanic31,087315.3%6.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2014 (Includes detail not shown below)70,4277100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,788622.4%19.4%
Married Without Children22,153631.5%30.1%
Single Parents8,243511.7%9.9%
Living Alone16,448923.4%27.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2015 (estimate)78,0307100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2014 (includes vacant units)77,8407100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
49,478663.6%61.6%
Median Value (2014)$122,60030  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
20,949926.9%27.1%
Median Rent (2014)$60413  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2015/2016 Total Reported) 37,19663.4%1,108,151
Public36,62963.5%1,046,058
Adults (25+ in 2014 ACS)125,48662.9%4,287,819
with High School diploma or higher80.8%88 87.6%
with B.A. or higher degree17.9%29 23.6%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2014$37,3444394.4%39,578
Median Household Income in 201450,19237101.6%$49,384
Poverty Rate in 201413.9%4291.4%15.2%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1819.8%4493.4%21.2%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201521872.6%8,338
Food Stamp Recipients in 201520,98762.6%810,606
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201619,35153.8%504,539

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20143,10963.7%84,080
Births to Teens, 201427654.4%6,277
Deaths, 20141,65462.7%60,798

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2015NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force104,61663.2%3,265,761
Employed100,59563.2%3,109,217
Unemployed4,02172.6%156,544
Annual Unemployment Rate3.88379.2%4.8
July 2016 Unemployment Rate3.77184.1%4.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2014 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work150,412100.0%$7,553,213100.0%$50,217
Wage and Salary126,44684.1%$5,493,70472.7%$43,447
Farm Proprietors1,5291.0%$101,7721.3%$66,561
Nonfarm Proprietors22,43714.9%$609,2488.1%$27,154
Farm1,7841.2%$110,3041.5%$61,830
Nonfarm148,62898.8%$7,442,90998.5%$50,077
Private139,31092.6%$6,982,72392.4%$50,124
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,1114.7%$123,3781.6%$17,350
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2700.8%$14,0900.2%$11,094
  Construction4,8943.3%$239,7203.2%$48,982
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,5547.7%$611,4438.1%$52,920
  Information7490.5%$35,2940.5%$47,121
  Manufacturing59,94839.9%$3,707,02049.1%$61,837
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,7542.5%$176,9972.3%$47,149
  Retail Trade12,4548.3%$330,3504.4%$26,526
  Trans., Warehousing5,0953.4%$261,5603.5%$51,337
  Wholesale Trade6,6794.4%$464,5256.2%$69,550
  Other Private (not above)25,172*16.7%*$1,004,172*13.3%*$39,892*
Government9,3186.2%$460,1866.1%$49,387

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2015UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed309100.0%100.0%$65,196$3,737,044
Single-Family30799.4%68.4%$64,956$2,929,210
2-Family20.6%2.8%240$54,124
3- and 4-Family00.0%1.6%$0$31,656
5+ Family00.0%27.2%$0$722,054

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2015
Percent of County
Bristol1,6670.8%
Elkhart52,34825.7%
Goshen32,98316.2%
Middlebury3,5621.8%
Millersburg9350.5%
Nappanee6,3003.1%*
Wakarusa1,8140.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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