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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2018 population: 52,367)

Population per Square Mile: 443.78

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,55963.0%6,484,192
Today (2018)205,56063.1%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today4.0%18 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-26582 3,555
Net International Migration13112 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,38947.2%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,44167.5%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)41,124620.0%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)18,28798.9%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)51,119624.9%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,307624.0%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)30,282714.7%15.8%
Median Age35.7  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,32050.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,437121.2%2.5%
Black Alone12,60686.1%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone17160.1%0.1%
White183,982689.5%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups5,04462.5%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic172,058883.7%92.9%
Hispanic33,502316.3%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)71,7337100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,869622.1%18.8%
Married Without Children22,295631.1%30.0%
Single Parents8,207611.4%9.6%
Living Alone16,139922.5%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)79,4927100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)78,5087100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
49,240662.7%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$130,80028  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
22,493928.7%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$62315  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 36,98563.3%1,117,590
Public36,24463.4%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)128,15262.9%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher80.8%90 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree18.7%33 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$46,8161799.3%47,149
Median Household Income in 201758,78121108.6%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201710.8%5881.2%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.9%5883.7%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2018128102.1%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 201814,27972.4%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/201918,69853.6%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20173,09263.8%82,170
Births to Teens, 201723154.5%5,152
Deaths, 20171,74872.7%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force116,26763.4%3,381,713
Employed113,25563.5%3,265,580
Unemployed3,01292.6%116,133
Annual Unemployment Rate2.68776.5%3.4
October 2019 Unemployment Rate2.85193.3%3.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work166,245100.0%$10,030,417100.0%$60,335
Wage and Salary144,18386.7%$7,326,89073.0%$50,817
Farm Proprietors1,4680.9%$39,2350.4%$26,727
Nonfarm Proprietors20,59412.4%$947,4689.4%$46,007
Farm1,7931.1%$48,3750.5%$26,980
Nonfarm164,45298.9%$9,982,04299.5%$60,699
Private155,17493.3%$9,481,79094.5%$61,104
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,6134.6%$164,9991.6%$21,673
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2750.8%$18,7050.2%$14,671
  Construction5,5923.4%$365,1003.6%$65,290
  Health Care, Social Serv.12,0777.3%$710,3107.1%$58,815
  Information5660.3%$32,0230.3%$56,578
  Manufacturing71,92743.3%$5,285,22152.7%$73,480
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,7762.3%$198,5422.0%$52,580
  Retail Trade12,6267.6%$392,3983.9%$31,079
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade7,1074.3%$638,6086.4%$89,856
  Other Private (not above)26,612*16.0%*$1,360,692*13.6%*$51,131*
Government9,2785.6%$500,2525.0%$53,918

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed351100.0%100.0%$96,206$4,879,857
Single-Family351100.0%76.4%$96,206$4,269,197
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Bristol1,6860.8%
Elkhart52,36725.5%
Goshen33,56616.3%
Middlebury3,6141.8%
Millersburg9460.5%
Nappanee6,3523.1%*
Wakarusa1,8380.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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