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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2013 population: 51,265)

Population per Square Mile: 432.99

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,483,797
Today (2013)200,56363.1%6,570,713
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today1.5%18 1.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-27384 -1,515
Net International Migration15911 10,400
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,41445.6%25,233

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,03367.5%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)41,035620.5%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)17,939108.9%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,923625.4%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,485624.7%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)26,148713.0%13.9%
Median Age35.3  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,16850.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,255131.1%1.9%
Black Alone12,25276.1%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16070.1%0.1%
White180,247689.9%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups4,48162.2%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic170,757785.1%93.6%
Hispanic29,806314.9%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)70,1307100.0%100.0%
Married With Children16,182623.1%19.8%
Married Without Children21,987631.4%30.1%
Single Parents8,096511.5%9.8%
Living Alone16,463923.5%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2013 (estimate)77,5427100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)77,6727100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
50,183664.6%62.0%
Median Value (2013)$121,70032  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
19,947925.7%26.6%
Median Rent (2013)$60113  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 37,99463.4%1,115,499
Public36,07863.5%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)124,75762.9%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher80.5%86 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree18.2%27 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2013$36,2294693.8%38,622
Median Household Income in 201346,1234997.1%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201315.5%3098.1%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.3%4292.7%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201337653.2%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 201326,41862.9%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201320,04553.9%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20123,04863.7%83,250
Births to Teens, 201227653.7%7,431
Deaths, 20121,58762.7%59,168

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force94,51363.0%3,179,935
Employed87,35463.0%2,940,897
Unemployed7,15963.0%239,038
Annual Unemployment Rate7.640101.3%7.5
December 2014 Unemployment Rate5.16387.9%5.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2013 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work144,913100.0%$6,884,903100.0%$47,511
Wage and Salary121,52283.9%$5,027,80073.0%$41,374
Farm Proprietors1,3720.9%$73,0811.1%$53,266
Nonfarm Proprietors22,01915.2%$549,5468.0%$24,958
Farm1,7361.2%$83,4801.2%$48,088
Nonfarm143,17798.8%$6,801,42398.8%$47,504
Private133,92792.4%$6,336,85492.0%$47,316
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6,8744.7%$114,8141.7%$16,703
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2730.9%$13,0170.2%$10,225
  Construction4,7203.3%$226,1273.3%$47,908
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,4567.9%$583,9958.5%$50,977
  Information7610.5%$34,0730.5%$44,774
  Manufacturing56,48139.0%$3,297,93947.9%$58,390
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,5702.5%$157,8652.3%$44,220
  Retail Trade12,2678.5%$316,8224.6%$25,827
  Trans., Warehousing4,7743.3%$244,8583.6%$51,290
  Wholesale Trade6,3484.4%$426,2426.2%$67,146
  Other Private (not above)25,40317.5%$921,10213.4%$36,260
Government9,2506.4%$464,5696.7%$50,224

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2013UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed303100.0%100.0%$60,976$3,065,788
Single-Family28393.4%67.3%$58,791$2,631,508
2-Family41.3%2.2%735$38,302
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$13,598
5+ Family165.3%29.6%$1,450$382,380

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2013
Percent of County
Bristol1,6350.8%
Elkhart51,26525.6%
Goshen32,21916.1%
Middlebury3,4971.7%
Millersburg9190.5%
Nappanee6,2053.1%*
Wakarusa1,7830.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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