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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2017 population: 52,558)

Population per Square Mile: 442.64

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,484,125
Today (2017)205,03263.1%6,660,082
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today3.8%16 2.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2016-2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-83188 -1,639
Net International Migration19511 9,067
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,52447.8%19,482

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2017NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,52267.6%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)41,262620.1%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)18,26398.9%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,869624.8%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,632624.2%25.9%
Seniors (65 and older)29,484714.4%15.4%
Median Age35.5  Median Age = 37.7

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,29850.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,436131.2%2.4%
Black Alone12,63476.2%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone17260.1%0.1%
White183,538689.5%85.4%
Two or More Race Groups4,95462.4%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic172,211884.0%93.0%
Hispanic32,821316.0%7.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)71,7337100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,869622.1%18.8%
Married Without Children22,295631.1%30.0%
Single Parents8,207611.4%9.6%
Living Alone16,139922.5%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2017 (estimate)79,0047100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)78,5087100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
49,240662.7%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$130,80028  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
22,493928.7%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$62315  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 37,12863.3%1,110,866
Public36,58863.5%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)128,15262.9%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher80.8%90 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree18.7%33 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$44,1431997.8%45,150
Median Household Income in 201758,78121108.6%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201710.8%5881.2%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.9%5883.7%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201717272.5%6,790
Food Stamp Recipients in 201716,19972.5%656,297
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/201718,72153.8%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20163,13063.8%83,063
Births to Teens, 201622854.3%5,294
Deaths, 20161,79162.8%63,492

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force111,74063.4%3,320,409
Employed108,91563.4%3,203,351
Unemployed2,82592.4%117,058
Annual Unemployment Rate2.59271.4%3.5
November 2018 Unemployment Rate3.07781.1%3.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work164,226100.0%$9,981,583100.0%$60,780
Wage and Salary143,12987.2%$7,329,63273.4%$51,210
Farm Proprietors1,4910.9%$25,2430.3%$16,930
Nonfarm Proprietors19,60611.9%$849,3468.5%$43,321
Farm1,7621.1%$32,4380.3%$18,410
Nonfarm162,46498.9%$9,949,14599.7%$61,239
Private153,28793.3%$9,452,81694.7%$61,667
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,5024.6%$160,0811.6%$21,338
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2370.8%$22,3190.2%$18,043
  Construction5,2633.2%$346,8973.5%$65,912
  Health Care, Social Serv.12,0077.3%$688,5116.9%$57,342
  Information5790.4%$26,1420.3%$45,150
  Manufacturing71,96543.8%$5,299,14253.1%$73,635
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,6262.2%$265,6562.7%$73,264
  Retail Trade12,4507.6%$377,8573.8%$30,350
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade7,1844.4%$609,5176.1%$84,844
  Other Private (not above)26,175*15.9%*$1,325,529*13.3%*$50,641*
Government9,1775.6%$496,3295.0%$54,084

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2017UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed560100.0%100.0%$97,970$4,583,500
Single-Family36665.4%74.2%$81,260$4,038,599
2-Family20.4%2.0%130$62,844
3- and 4-Family40.7%0.4%$280$13,000
5+ Family18833.6%23.4%$16,300$469,056

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2017
Percent of County
Bristol1,6830.8%
Elkhart52,55825.6%
Goshen33,22016.2%
Middlebury3,6051.8%
Millersburg9460.5%
Nappanee6,3623.1%*
Wakarusa1,8340.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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