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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2014 population: 51,421)

Population per Square Mile: 436.03

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,483,797
Today (2014)201,97163.1%6,596,855
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.2%17 1.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2013-2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-17167 -7,849
Net International Migration14913 10,472
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,50046.0%24,994

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2014NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,17667.5%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)41,227620.4%17.6%
College Age (18 to 24)18,095109.0%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,800625.2%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,722624.6%26.3%
Seniors (65 and older)26,951713.3%14.3%
Median Age35.4  Median Age = 37.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2014NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,16850.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,330131.2%2.0%
Black Alone12,53576.2%9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16670.1%0.1%
White181,125689.7%86.1%
Two or More Race Groups4,64762.3%1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic171,496784.9%93.4%
Hispanic30,475315.1%6.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)70,1307100.0%100.0%
Married With Children16,182623.1%19.8%
Married Without Children21,987631.4%30.1%
Single Parents8,096511.5%9.8%
Living Alone16,463923.5%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2014 (estimate)77,9337100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)77,6727100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
50,183664.6%62.0%
Median Value (2013)$121,70032  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
19,947925.7%26.6%
Median Rent (2013)$60113  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 37,99463.4%1,115,499
Public36,07863.5%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)124,75762.9%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher80.5%86 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree18.2%27 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2013$36,2294693.8%38,622
Median Household Income in 201346,1234997.1%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201315.5%3098.1%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.3%4292.7%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201337653.2%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 201326,41862.9%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201320,04553.9%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20132,96163.6%83,115
Births to Teens, 201329744.4%6,810
Deaths, 20131,67362.8%60,445

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force102,11763.2%3,230,540
Employed96,81263.2%3,035,581
Unemployed5,30572.7%194,959
Annual Unemployment Rate5.26986.7%6.0
June 2015 Unemployment Rate3.97881.3%4.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2013 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work144,913100.0%$6,884,903100.0%$47,511
Wage and Salary121,52283.9%$5,027,80073.0%$41,374
Farm Proprietors1,3720.9%$73,0811.1%$53,266
Nonfarm Proprietors22,01915.2%$549,5468.0%$24,958
Farm1,7361.2%$83,4801.2%$48,088
Nonfarm143,17798.8%$6,801,42398.8%$47,504
Private133,92792.4%$6,336,85492.0%$47,316
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6,8744.7%$114,8141.7%$16,703
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2730.9%$13,0170.2%$10,225
  Construction4,7203.3%$226,1273.3%$47,908
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,4567.9%$583,9958.5%$50,977
  Information7610.5%$34,0730.5%$44,774
  Manufacturing56,48139.0%$3,297,93947.9%$58,390
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,5702.5%$157,8652.3%$44,220
  Retail Trade12,2678.5%$316,8224.6%$25,827
  Trans., Warehousing4,7743.3%$244,8583.6%$51,290
  Wholesale Trade6,3484.4%$426,2426.2%$67,146
  Other Private (not above)25,40317.5%$921,10213.4%$36,260
Government9,2506.4%$464,5696.7%$50,224

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2014UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed270100.0%100.0%$57,187$3,222,176
Single-Family270100.0%68.1%$57,187$2,748,532
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$40,304
3- and 4-Family00.0%1.1%$0$18,185
5+ Family00.0%28.7%$0$415,155

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2014
Percent of County
Bristol1,6500.8%
Elkhart51,42125.5%
Goshen32,26716.0%
Middlebury3,5271.7%
Millersburg9260.5%
Nappanee6,2283.1%*
Wakarusa1,7980.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
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