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Benton County, Indiana

Named for Thomas H. Benton, created in 1840, was one of the last of Indiana's 92 counties to be formed

County Seat: Fowler

Largest City: Fowler (2021 population: 2,328)

Population per Square Mile: 21.44

Square Miles: 406.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)8,836890.1%6,484,050
Today (2021)8,714890.1%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*8,201900.1%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.4%56 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1067 5,230
Net International Migration082 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)10181.0%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)533896.1%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)1,6188818.6%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)660897.6%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)2,0608923.6%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,2939026.3%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)1,5509017.8%16.4%
Median Age40.0  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone29900.3%0.4%
Asian Alone20910.2%2.7%
Black Alone96861.1%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone5740.1%0.1%
White8,4048996.4%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups160861.8%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic8,1929094.0%92.3%
Hispanic522686.0%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)3,31990100.0%100.0%
Married With Children5089015.3%18.2%
Married Without Children1,0109030.4%29.8%
Single Parents3958111.9%9.2%
Living Alone9608928.9%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)3,77989100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)3,80489100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,4849065.3%62.9%
Median Value (2021)$107,00077  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8358722.0%27.2%
Median Rent (2021)$52666  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 1,705840.2%1,120,155
Public1,619850.2%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)5,857900.1%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher88.4%59 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree17.5%55 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$53,6022594.9%56,497
Median Household Income in 202160,7384896.8%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202110.5%5786.8%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1815.1%5096.2%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20225870.1%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 2022810880.1%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/2022801880.2%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019109880.1%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017N/AN/AN/AN/A
Deaths, 201986900.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force4,199890.1%3,321,548
Employed4,085890.1%3,203,166
Unemployed114890.1%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate2.76375.0%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.15587.5%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work3,672100.0%$223,645100.0%$60,906
Wage and Salary2,40065.4%$106,23947.5%$44,266
Farm Proprietors3008.2%$64,75429.0%$215,847
Nonfarm Proprietors97226.5%$24,89611.1%$25,613
Farm46412.6%$71,95532.2%$155,075
Nonfarm3,20887.4%$151,69067.8%$47,285
Private2,62771.5%$121,16354.2%$46,122
  Accommodation, Food Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Arts, Ent., RecreationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Construction2266.2%$10,5974.7%$46,889
  Health Care, Social Serv.1403.8%$4,9662.2%$35,471
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing46212.6%$26,58811.9%$57,550
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1103.0%$4,5912.1%$41,736
  Retail Trade2938.0%$7,5943.4%$25,918
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade1684.6%$10,4434.7%$62,161
  Other Private (not above)309*8.4%*$10,743*4.8%*$34,767*
Government58115.8%$30,52713.6%$52,542

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed3100.0%100.0%$393$7,583,249
Single-Family3100.0%74.4%$393$6,692,956
2-Family00.0%2.4%0$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Benton County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Ambia2312.7%
Boswell8039.2%
Earl Park3584.1%
Fowler2,32826.7%
Otterbein7959.1%*
Oxford1,16813.4%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph