Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 4

Counties include: Benton, Carroll, Cass, Clinton, Fountain, Howard, Miami, Montgomery, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Warren, White

Largest City: Lafayette (2020 population: 71,484)

Population per Square Mile: 107.5

Square Miles: 4,793.2

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)498,09067.7%6,484,050
Today (2020)515,20067.6%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*516,78767.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today3.4%5 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,19010 1,323
Net International Migration1,3772 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)78955.7%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)30,38565.9%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)82,673616.1%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)72,007414.0%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)123,621624.0%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)122,166623.7%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)84,232616.4%16.1%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,67560.5%0.4%
Asian Alone20,11433.9%2.6%
Black Alone22,22974.3%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone31470.1%0.1%
White459,730689.3%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups10,02261.9%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic475,899692.4%92.7%
Hispanic39,18567.6%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (includes detail not shown below)198,9616100.0%100.0%
Married With Children34,491817.3%18.5%
Married Without Children60,270630.3%29.7%
Single Parents16,72618.4%9.3%
Living Alone58,854429.6%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)227,3366100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)222,7876100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)133,310659.8%61.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)65,651629.5%27.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 79,23667.1%1,111,333
Public77,58567.4%1,050,614

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$40,8301083.9%$48,678
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202047457.1%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202044,73266.8%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202038,45167.6%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20176,00767.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 201739067.6%5,152
Deaths, 20174,97067.6%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force246,95467.4%3,319,010
Employed229,93667.5%3,082,982
Unemployed17,01867.2%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate6.9797.2%7.1
April 2021 Unemployment Rate3.8590.5%4.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work276,049100.0%$14,309,723100.0%$51,838
Wage and Salary224,68681.4%$10,432,03472.9%$46,429
Farm Proprietors5,3511.9%$134,7370.9%$25,180
Nonfarm Proprietors46,01216.7%$1,069,8567.5%$23,252
Farm7,4392.7%$211,4761.5%$28,428
Nonfarm268,61097.3%$14,098,24798.5%$52,486
Private223,20180.9%$11,280,32578.8%$50,539
  Accommodation, Food Serv.19,102*6.9%*$401,803*2.8%*$21,035*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,339*1.2%*$37,446*0.3%*$11,215*
  Construction12,8624.7%$709,3445.0%$55,150
  Health Care, Social Serv.21,732*7.9%*$1,319,362*9.2%*$60,711*
  Information1,860*0.7%*$98,584*0.7%*$53,002*
  Manufacturing52,571*19.0%*$4,302,351*30.1%*$81,839*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2,910*1.1%*$116,987*0.8%*$40,202*
  Retail Trade25,931*9.4%*$767,219*5.4%*$29,587*
  Trans., Warehousing7,716*2.8%*$425,955*3.0%*$55,204*
  Wholesale Trade5,780*2.1%*$403,208*2.8%*$69,759*
  Other Private (not above)48,206*17.5%*$1,654,799*11.6%*$34,328*
Government45,40916.4%$2,817,92219.7%$62,056

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,868100.0%100.0%$319,590$5,872,297
Single-Family87146.6%76.2%$208,476$5,209,930
2-Family140.7%2.5%$800$83,895
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family98352.6%20.6%$110,314$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 4

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of Region
Attica3,3240.6%
Crawfordsville16,1513.1%
Frankfort15,7563.1%
Kokomo58,24311.3%
Lafayette71,48413.9%
Logansport17,4543.4%
Monticello5,2481.0%
Peru10,9372.1%
Tipton4,9901.0%
West Lafayette51,60510.0%
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