Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile

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Economic Growth Region 2

Counties include: Elkhart, Fulton, Kosciusko, Marshall, St. Joseph

Largest City: South Bend (2019 population: 102,026)

Population per Square Mile: 275.0

Square Miles: 2,264.5

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)609,74459.4%6,484,050
Today (2020)622,75959.2%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*653,99959.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.1%8 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-3,96911 1,323
Net International Migration6964 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)2,389417.4%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)42,15056.8%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)112,946518.1%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)60,95669.8%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)154,840524.8%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)151,641524.3%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)101,322516.2%16.1%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,56130.6%0.4%
Asian Alone11,72871.9%2.6%
Black Alone51,67048.3%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone52850.1%0.1%
White540,683586.7%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups15,68552.5%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic551,942588.5%92.7%
Hispanic71,913311.5%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (includes detail not shown below)229,6905100.0%100.0%
Married With Children45,173619.7%18.5%
Married Without Children69,951530.5%29.7%
Single Parents22,01919.6%9.3%
Living Alone64,329428.0%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)266,5035100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)264,2935100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)161,449561.1%61.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)68,241525.8%27.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 104,66359.4%1,111,333
Public97,85059.3%1,050,614

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$47,383497.3%$48,678
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202044966.7%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202059,93049.1%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202051,312510.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20178,477510.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 2017609311.8%5,152
Deaths, 20175,93559.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force317,62559.6%3,319,010
Employed293,46159.5%3,082,982
Unemployed24,164510.2%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate7.63107.0%7.1
March 2021 Unemployment Rate4.3591.5%4.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work412,951100.0%$23,607,324100.0%$57,167
Wage and Salary344,85983.5%$16,685,15770.7%$48,383
Farm Proprietors4,3831.1%$111,0210.5%$25,330
Nonfarm Proprietors63,70915.4%$2,811,31911.9%$44,128
Farm5,5111.3%$148,8240.6%$27,005
Nonfarm407,44098.7%$23,458,50099.4%$57,575
Private376,67591.2%$21,693,09891.9%$57,591
  Accommodation, Food Serv.24,378*5.9%*$533,862*2.3%*$21,899*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation5,959*1.4%*$113,324*0.5%*$19,017*
  Construction17,9814.4%$1,143,3514.8%$63,587
  Health Care, Social Serv.41,728*10.1%*$2,461,197*10.4%*$58,982*
  Information2,9320.7%$170,9960.7%$58,321
  Manufacturing107,12825.9%$8,255,01735.0%$77,058
  Professional, Tech. Serv.14,127*3.4%*$1,133,524*4.8%*$80,238*
  Retail Trade37,9659.2%$1,261,4305.3%$33,226
  Trans., Warehousing11,876*2.9%*$577,779*2.4%*$48,651*
  Wholesale Trade16,517*4.0%*$1,444,818*6.1%*$87,475*
  Other Private (not above)92,228*22.3%*$4,426,507*18.8%*$47,995*
Government30,7657.5%$1,765,4027.5%$57,383

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,384100.0%100.0%$306,394$5,872,297
Single-Family1,02874.3%76.2%$280,545$5,209,930
2-Family00.0%2.5%$0$83,895
3- and 4-Family90.7%0.8%$575$25,965
5+ Family34725.1%20.6%$25,275$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 2

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of Region
Bremen4,4740.7%
Elkhart52,3588.4%
Goshen34,2175.5%
Mishawaka50,3638.1%
Nappanee6,8431.1%*
Plymouth9,9821.6%
Rochester5,9941.0%
South Bend102,02616.4%
Warsaw15,1502.4%
Winona Lake4,9020.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this region is shown.
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