Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 2

Counties include: Elkhart, Fulton, Kosciusko, Marshall, St. Joseph

Largest City: South Bend (2021 population: 103,353)

Population per Square Mile: 276.3

Square Miles: 2,264.5

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)609,74459.4%6,484,050
Today (2021)625,74659.2%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*653,99959.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.6%6 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,64511 5,230
Net International Migration3944 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,000397.7%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)40,93656.5%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)114,736518.3%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)61,20969.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)156,190525.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)149,341523.9%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)103,334516.5%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,77130.6%0.4%
Asian Alone11,93861.9%2.7%
Black Alone51,93858.3%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone53650.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups16,94652.7%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (includes detail not shown below)233,4465100.0%100.0%
Married With Children43,436618.6%18.2%
Married Without Children69,773529.9%29.8%
Single Parents22,32519.6%9.2%
Living Alone68,238429.2%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)266,3725100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)264,5335100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)166,133562.8%62.9%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)67,313525.4%27.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 104,05359.3%1,120,155

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$55,122497.6%$56,497
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202227567.0%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202250,54258.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/202243,34159.0%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20198,175510.1%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017609311.8%5,152
Deaths, 20196,03659.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force319,24359.6%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate3.3691.7%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.73112.5%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work404,315100.0%$26,581,203100.0%$65,744
Wage and Salary335,26482.9%$19,424,08173.1%$57,937
Farm Proprietors4,3121.1%$366,6391.4%$85,028
Nonfarm Proprietors64,73916.0%$2,398,2169.0%$37,044
  Accommodation, Food Serv.22,058*5.5%*$600,223*2.3%*$27,211*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation5,235*1.3%*$112,773*0.4%*$21,542*
  Health Care, Social Serv.40,007*9.9%*$2,708,946*10.2%*$67,712*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.13,577*3.4%*$1,180,780*4.4%*$86,969*
  Retail Trade36,4929.0%$1,368,8625.1%$37,511
  Trans., Warehousing8,018*2.0%*$357,889*1.3%*$44,636*
  Wholesale Trade17,095*4.2%*$1,710,336*6.4%*$100,049*
  Other Private (not above)86,665*21.4%*$5,127,991*19.3%*$59,170*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,478100.0%100.0%$372,354$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family30.2%0.4%$1,200$30,324
5+ Family30520.6%22.7%$13,791$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 2

in 2021
Percent of Region
South Bend103,35316.5%
Winona Lake5,0570.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this region is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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