Hoosiers by the Numbers

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IN Depth Regional Profile


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Economic Growth Region 12 (Marion Co)

Counties include: Marion

Largest City: Indianapolis Consolidated (2021 population: 891,342)

Population per Square Mile: 2,450.4

Square Miles: 396.3

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)903,373213.9%6,484,050
Today (2021)971,102214.3%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*993,289213.9%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today7.5%2 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-10,83612 5,230
Net International Migration1,6081 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)3,5301344.7%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)67,19316.9%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)172,953217.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)90,33119.3%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)291,170230.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)221,917322.9%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)127,538413.1%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,68210.5%0.4%
Asian Alone40,33624.2%2.7%
Black Alone287,669129.6%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone53840.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups31,50313.2%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (includes detail not shown below)388,3661100.0%100.0%
Married With Children53,441613.8%18.2%
Married Without Children87,134322.4%29.8%
Single Parents41,225110.6%9.2%
Living Alone142,517136.7%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)439,2832100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)434,5961100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)213,831449.2%62.9%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)174,535140.2%27.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 180,424216.1%1,120,155

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$65,6252116.2%$56,497
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022876122.3%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 2022140,211122.9%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/2022104,393121.7%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201914,045117.4%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017923117.9%5,152
Deaths, 20198,246312.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force497,073215.0%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate4.42122.2%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.54104.2%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work758,846100.0%$69,327,993100.0%$91,360
Wage and Salary640,55684.4%$43,412,29662.6%$67,773
Farm Proprietors1690.0%$3,1000.0%$18,343
Nonfarm Proprietors118,12115.6%$16,793,72724.2%$142,174
  Accommodation, Food Serv.43,5725.7%$1,454,9692.1%$33,392
  Arts, Ent., Recreation13,5501.8%$763,4031.1%$56,340
  Health Care, Social Serv.105,44513.9%$9,250,70313.3%$87,730
  Professional, Tech. Serv.57,8047.6%$6,670,2529.6%$115,394
  Retail Trade55,0707.3%$2,374,9353.4%$43,126
  Trans., Warehousing53,4387.0%$2,862,6084.1%$53,569
  Wholesale Trade30,1044.0%$3,016,0434.4%$100,187
  Other Private (not above)206,80027.3%$24,552,24835.4%$118,725

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,251100.0%100.0%$493,331$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family120.5%0.4%$2,450$30,324
5+ Family86838.6%22.7%$115,863$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Economic Growth Region 12 (Marion Co)

in 2021
Percent of Region
Beech Grove14,5411.5%
Meridian Hills1,7580.2%
Warren Park1,4750.2%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this region is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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