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Washington County, Indiana

Organized in 1814 and named in honor of George Washington

County Seat: Salem

Largest City: Salem (2021 population: 6,267)

Population per Square Mile: 54.71

Square Miles: 513.70

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)28,260570.4%6,484,050
Today (2021)28,102570.4%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*29,652560.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.6%48 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-7675 5,230
Net International Migration264 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-4744-4.6%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,599585.7%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7585816.9%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)2,107587.5%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,7435524.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,7965527.7%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)5,0995818.1%16.4%
Median Age41.8  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone79710.3%0.4%
Asian Alone82730.3%2.7%
Black Alone182690.6%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone4790.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups317621.1%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)10,64157100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,7326216.3%18.2%
Married Without Children3,9355237.0%29.8%
Single Parents896578.4%9.2%
Living Alone2,8975727.2%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)12,17157100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)12,11157100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2021)$131,40051  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2021)$43891  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 4,033610.4%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)19,448560.4%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher86.7%76 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree12.8%86 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$47,8586884.7%56,497
Median Household Income in 202157,3486391.4%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202111.3%4593.4%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.1%27115.3%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202219370.5%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20222,141530.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20222,353470.5%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019331550.4%80,851
Births to Teens, 201727470.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019315570.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force13,510570.4%3,355,642
Annual Unemployment Rate3.13979.5%3.9
January 2023 Unemployment Rate3.05688.2%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work9,821100.0%$463,434100.0%$47,188
Wage and Salary6,45465.7%$266,46557.5%$41,287
Farm Proprietors7207.3%$58,90112.7%$81,807
Nonfarm Proprietors2,64727.0%$70,00815.1%$26,448
  Accommodation, Food Serv.5275.4%$10,8082.3%$20,509
  Arts, Ent., Recreation680.7%$5240.1%$7,706
  Health Care, Social Serv.7807.9%$40,2518.7%$51,604
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,40514.3%$49,35310.6%$35,127
  Trans., Warehousing2182.2%$9,3622.0%$42,945
  Wholesale Trade1401.4%$8,6311.9%$61,650
  Other Private (not above)1,450*14.8%*$44,372*9.6%*$30,601*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed49100.0%100.0%$10,415$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Washington County

in 2021
Percent of County
Little York1880.7%
New Pekin1,3274.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph