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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2021 population: 70,835)

Population per Square Mile: 374.30

Square Miles: 499.80

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)172,80182.7%6,484,050
Today (2021)187,07672.7%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*204,84282.9%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today8.3%10 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-34987 5,230
Net International Migration6492 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)482547.1%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)10,21785.5%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)27,7581114.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)43,972223.5%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)46,865925.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)35,6281119.0%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)22,6361212.1%16.4%
Median Age29.0  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone75770.4%0.4%
Asian Alone15,31848.2%2.7%
Black Alone11,862106.3%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone117120.1%0.1%
White154,486882.6%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups4,53682.4%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic169,930990.8%92.3%
Hispanic17,14679.2%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)71,8017100.0%100.0%
Married With Children11,8821016.5%18.2%
Married Without Children17,4891124.4%29.8%
Single Parents6,04388.4%9.2%
Living Alone22,687731.6%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)79,3378100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)76,9828100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
39,0031150.7%62.9%
Median Value (2021)$169,50016  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
32,798542.6%27.2%
Median Rent (2021)$77110  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 25,868112.3%1,120,155
Public23,684102.3%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)103,486112.3%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher92.6%14 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree40.6%4 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$45,9507681.3%56,497
Median Household Income in 202155,1927288.0%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202117.7%5146.3%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.5%5492.4%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202274121.9%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202213,88492.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/202210,41972.2%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20192,06682.6%80,859
Births to Teens, 201710772.1%5,152
Deaths, 20191,221151.8%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force93,20872.8%3,321,548
Employed90,17172.8%3,203,166
Unemployed3,03782.6%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate3.33391.7%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.06483.3%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work115,153100.0%$6,665,203100.0%$57,881
Wage and Salary96,76484.0%$4,937,06774.1%$51,022
Farm Proprietors5550.5%$35,2630.5%$63,537
Nonfarm Proprietors17,83415.5%$415,4296.2%$23,294
Farm7590.7%$42,7780.6%$56,361
Nonfarm114,39499.3%$6,622,42599.4%$57,891
Private90,05778.2%$4,879,62273.2%$54,184
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9,1127.9%$236,0333.5%$25,904
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,5671.4%$17,6310.3%$11,251
  Construction5,0504.4%$334,4765.0%$66,233
  Health Care, Social Serv.13,63911.8%$943,39114.2%$69,169
  Information8820.8%$59,5010.9%$67,461
  Manufacturing16,89314.7%$1,427,52921.4%$84,504
  Professional, Tech. Serv.5,6924.9%$387,3995.8%$68,060
  Retail Trade10,3619.0%$367,7955.5%$35,498
  Trans., Warehousing3,9573.4%$169,3192.5%$42,790
  Wholesale Trade2,2351.9%$173,6372.6%$77,690
  Other Private (not above)20,366*17.7%*$751,539*11.3%*$36,902*
Government24,33721.1%$1,742,80326.1%$71,611

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,129100.0%100.0%$217,584$7,583,249
Single-Family49744.0%74.4%$142,881$6,692,956
2-Family20.2%2.4%210$117,031
3- and 4-Family40.4%0.4%$307$30,324
5+ Family62655.4%22.7%$74,186$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,8561.0%
Clarks Hill6040.3%
Dayton1,3400.7%
Lafayette70,83537.9%
Otterbein3450.2%*
Shadeland1,7801.0%
West Lafayette44,67223.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph