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Fountain County, Indiana

Created in 1826 and named for Major James Fountain, killed at the Battle of Maumee in 1790

County Seat: Covington

Largest City: Attica (2021 population: 3,100)

Population per Square Mile: 41.51

Square Miles: 395.70

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)17,242780.3%6,484,050
Today (2021)16,427770.2%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*15,806770.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-4.7%77 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration5151 5,230
Net International Migration264 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-9866-9.6%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)934775.7%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)2,6347816.0%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)1,256777.6%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)3,7467822.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)4,5197827.5%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)3,3387820.3%16.4%
Median Age43.0  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone66770.4%0.4%
Asian Alone80740.5%2.7%
Black Alone117810.7%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone14530.1%0.1%
White15,9347797.0%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups216781.3%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic15,9497897.1%92.3%
Hispanic478712.9%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)6,84376100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,1907717.4%18.2%
Married Without Children2,3187833.9%29.8%
Single Parents602708.8%9.2%
Living Alone1,9627628.7%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)7,82477100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)7,74877100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
5,1157766.0%62.9%
Median Value (2021)$111,40072  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,7287222.3%27.2%
Median Rent (2021)$50275  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 2,532730.2%1,120,155
Public2,462740.2%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)11,508790.3%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher87.9%67 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree13%83 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$48,5836486.0%56,497
Median Household Income in 202155,1957188.0%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202110.6%5587.6%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1815.3%4997.5%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20225880.1%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20221,226790.2%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20221,050770.2%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019184770.2%80,859
Births to Teens, 201714720.3%5,152
Deaths, 2019251680.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force7,628790.2%3,321,548
Employed7,409780.2%3,203,166
Unemployed219810.2%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate2.94880.6%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.435100.0%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work6,695100.0%$337,123100.0%$50,354
Wage and Salary4,91773.4%$206,77061.3%$42,052
Farm Proprietors3745.6%$38,09911.3%$101,869
Nonfarm Proprietors1,40421.0%$35,59410.6%$25,352
Farm4396.6%$40,24011.9%$91,663
Nonfarm6,25693.4%$296,88388.1%$47,456
Private5,42481.0%$252,08174.8%$46,475
  Accommodation, Food Serv.3795.7%$6,5311.9%$17,232
  Arts, Ent., Recreation851.3%$1,4710.4%$17,306
  Construction2754.1%$11,8153.5%$42,964
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information590.9%$2,5310.8%$42,898
  Manufacturing1,64824.6%$108,61932.2%$65,910
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1692.5%$6,6432.0%$39,308
  Retail Trade74211.1%$22,7456.7%$30,654
  Trans., Warehousing2563.8%$15,5494.6%$60,738
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,062*15.9%*$39,619*11.8%*$37,306*
Government83212.4%$44,80213.3%$53,849

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed73100.0%100.0%$8,054$7,583,249
Single-Family1419.2%74.4%$4,032$6,692,956
2-Family00.0%2.4%0$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family5980.8%22.7%$4,023$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Fountain County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Attica3,10018.9%
Covington2,66916.2%
Hillsboro5043.1%
Kingman5573.4%
Mellott1701.0%
Newtown2131.3%
Veedersburg2,07212.6%
Wallace810.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

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