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Indiana

Became the 19th state in 1816

State Capital: Indianapolis

Largest City: Indianapolis Consolidated (2015 population: 862,781)

Population per Square Mile: 184.8

Square Miles: 35,826.1

Go to official state website

Population over TimeNumber
Yesterday (2010)6,484,229
Today (2015)6,619,680
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2014-2015Number
Net Domestic Migration-14,881
Net International Migration12,574
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)25,260

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2015NumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Preschool (0 to 4)419,4906.3%
School Age (5 to 17)1,159,96617.5%
College Age (18 to 24)665,74410.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,673,61525.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)1,734,73826.2%
Seniors (65 and older)966,12714.6%
Median Age37.5 

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race or Hispanic Origin, 2015NumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
American Ind. or Alaskan Native Alone26,6560.4%
Asian Alone141,7402.1%
Black Alone636,6469.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone4,1490.1%
White Alone5,681,60785.8%
Two or More Race Groups128,8821.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)  
Non-Hispanic6,177,77193.3%
Hispanic441,9096.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Households in 2014 (Includes detail not shown below)2,492,183100%
Married With Children482,31319.4%
Married Without Children751,01130.1%
Single Parents246,1769.9%
Living Alone693,52727.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Total Housing Units in 2015 (estimate)2,841,373100%
Total Housing Units in 2014 (includes detail not shown below)2,811,617100%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,730,95461.6%
Median Value (2014)$122,700
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
761,22927.1%
Median Rent (2014)$586

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
School Enrollment (2015/2016 Total Reported)1,108,151100%
Public1,046,05894.4%
Adults (25+ in 2014 ACS)4,287,819  
with High School diploma or higher87.6%  
with B.A. or higher degree23.6%  

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumber
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2014$39,578
Median Household Income in 2014$49,384
Poverty Rate in 201415.2%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.2%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20158,338
Food Stamp Recipients in 2015810,606
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016504,539

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumber
Births, 201484,080
Births to Teens, 20146,277
Deaths, 201460,798

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2015Number
Total Resident Labor Force3,265,761
Employed3,109,217
Unemployed156,544
Annual Unemployment Rate4.8
July 2016 Unemployment Rate4.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2014 EmploymentIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Earnings ($000)Indiana Pct.
Distribution
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work3,729,352100.0%$186,497,975100.0%$50,008
Wage and Salary3,057,58482.0%$132,381,85171.0%$43,296
Farm Proprietors51,2361.4%$3,182,4331.7%$62,113
Nonfarm Proprietors620,53216.6%$18,522,4689.9%$29,849
Farm62,7551.7%$3,688,5462.0%$58,777
Nonfarm3,666,59798.3%$182,809,42998.0%$49,858
Private3,223,97986.4%$158,821,55185.2%$49,263
  Accommodation, Food Serv.265,9287.1%$5,205,2182.8%$19,574
  Arts, Ent., Recreation70,6561.9%$1,945,4101.0%$27,534
  Construction189,8495.1%$11,052,7895.9%$58,219
  Health Care, Social Serv.413,87111.1%$23,030,17212.3%$55,646
  Information43,7981.2%$2,736,3891.5%$62,477
  Manufacturing523,92014.0%$39,896,19021.4%$76,149
  Professional, Tech. Serv.165,1134.4%$10,319,5165.5%$62,500
  Retail Trade388,45710.4%$11,497,8186.2%$29,599
  Trans., Warehousing154,6724.1%$7,915,5044.2%$51,176
  Wholesale Trade127,0203.4%$9,366,5125.0%$73,740
  Other Private (not above)880,69523.6%$35,856,03319.2%$40,713
Government442,61811.9%$23,987,87812.9%$54,195

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2015UnitsIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Cost($000)
Total Permits Filed18,483100.0%$3,737,044
Single-Family12,64668.4%$2,929,210
2-Family5262.8%$54,124
3- and 4-Family2891.6%$31,656
5+ Family5,02227.2%722,054

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Indiana (35,000+):

NamePopulation
in 2015
Percent of State
Anderson55,3050.8%
Bloomington84,0671.3%
Carmel88,7131.3%
Columbus46,6900.7%
Elkhart52,3480.8%
Evansville119,9431.8%
Fishers88,6581.3%
Fort Wayne260,3263.9%
Gary77,1561.2%
Greenwood55,5860.8%
Hammond77,6141.2%
Indianapolis853,17312.9%
Jeffersonville46,9600.7%
Kokomo57,9950.9%
Lafayette71,1111.1%
Lawrence47,8090.7%
Merrillville35,2240.5%
Mishawaka48,2610.7%
Muncie70,0871.1%
New Albany36,7320.6%
Noblesville59,0930.9%
Portage36,7380.6%
Richmond35,8540.5%
South Bend101,5161.5%
Terre Haute60,8250.9%
West Lafayette45,5500.7%
Westfield36,7380.6%
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